Aeolian Islands holidays which are, which one to choose, description
Information on the Aeolian islands, which are the names, archipelago tours, description of the natural and historical attractions of each island, where the most beautiful and what to visit first.
Guide Aeolian Islands
The Aeolian Islands are a volcanic archipelago in the Tyrrhenian Sea, off the northern Tyrrhenian coast of Sicily, in the province of Messina. The islands, lined with several islets and rocks, in order of size are Lipari, Salina, Vulcano, Stromboli, Filicudi, Alicudi and Panarea.
What are the Aeolian Islands
– Lipari, the island more ‘great, is at the center of the archipelago. Its location offers the opportunity ‘to easily reach the other islands of the archipelago, making use of various sea links. From the administrative point of view all the Aeolian Islands, excluding Salina, depend on the City of Lipari. The island, shaped moves and rugged, it reaches maximum altitude with Mount Chirica 602 masl. The coasts are high and jagged in the west and low in the east.
Fumaroles, of which the best known are those of Bagnosecco, hot springs, of which the most important are the ancient Baths of San Calogero, and pumice of Mount Pelato, remember the volcanic nature of Lipari and are evidence of eruptions in ancient times. The main population centers of the island are Lipari, Pianoconte, Canneto, Quattropani and Porticello. The capital Lipari, extends along the Marina Lunga and Marina Corta, at the foot of the Castle, a natural fortress consists of a socket rhyolitic on top of which have occurred over the millennia civilizations.
The current appearance is characterized by the walls that surrounded the town, built by the Spanish in the sec. XVI. The old city center, the churches remain, very interesting, especially the Cathedral of Norman origin, the ‘ancient palace of the Bishops and some building where the headquarters, divided into several sections, the rich Aeolian Museum, which contains material from several excavations made in the Aeolian Islands. Even the Castle is an important archaeological site, the result of excavations have unearthed layers of buildings, ranging from sec. XVI BC age ‘Roman.
Marina Corta is a very suggestive corner of the island of Lipari, where the square Hugh of St. Onofrio, known as Marina Corta, characterized on the side of the sea by a small peninsula where the small church of the Souls in Purgatory, or Madonna Snow, as shown by some historical documents, certifying the origin of its construction in the era prior to 1545, when it was rebuilt after the destruction caused by the pirate Kair el-Din Barbarossa said. Marina Corta square, where there are bars and restaurants, is a very busy place on summer evenings, especially on the night of August 24, the feast of St. Bartholomew patron of Lipari, when, after the procession with the statue of the saint, the feast ends with spectacular fireworks over the sea.
– Salina takes its name from a saltwater pond located south of the island, in the past used for the extraction of salt. The island from the administrative point of view is the only one of the islands of Lipari not to depend on, but is divided into three autonomous municipalities of Leni, Malfa and Santa Marina. In Salina there are the highest mountains of the archipelago, Trench Ferns, m.961, and Mount of Leeks, m. 860. They are extinct volcanoes that form two mountain ranges, the Monte Fossa delle Felci and Monte Rivi east, Mount of Leeks west, separated by the depression of Valdichiesa. On the island the vegetation is lush, the land is exploited for the cultivation of capers, fruit trees and vineyards. Famous is the production of Malvasia. L ‘Malvasia grapes and capers are the products simolici Aeolian. Salina has acquired notoriety ‘through the scenes of the film, Il Postino, that the great Massimo Troisi was filmed on this island.
– Vulcano, Lipari separated by a stretch of sea off less than a kilometer, called the Strait of Vulcan, is formed entirely of volcanic rocks. The highest point ‘High is a dormant volcano, Mount Air, m. 500 m asl. which together with the Monte Saraceno represent the original volcanic edifice. To the northwest, smaller, is the volcano Lentia, whose internal collapse genero’in part of Fossa volcano, whose crater located at a height of 386 m., Currently manifested by intense activity ‘fumarole. It last erupted in 1888-1890. Attached to the island of Vulcano by an accumulation of sand, is the complex peripheral cones Vulcanello. The natural environment is characterized by gorse bushes, land of ashes and lapilli, black sand beaches and a lake of mud.
– Stromboli volcano is characterized by a persistent activities. The vents are located at an altitude of ca. 700 meters above sea level, the material that is thrown into the air by explosions intermittent and periodic eruptions of lava, down to the sea through the steep slope of the Sciara del Fuoco, while on top of the volcano, at 926 meters above sea level, is what remains of ‘ ancient crater. Volcano tours are organized with the help of expert guides. Access to the trails is subject to the rules, and can ‘vary depending on the status of activities’ of the volcano, still provides accompaniment by licensed guides for access to higher altitudes. Very impressive the show at night.
The two towns are Stromboli, along the northeast coast, and Ginostra, along the southwest coast of the island. Stromboli, whose ancient town stretched along the beaches of Scari, Ficogrande, dall’arenile black sand, and Piscità, today also includes an area more ‘interior where there is’ the Church of St. Vincent Ferrer, from whose square can ‘enjoy a beautiful view of the sea, including the rock of Strombolicchio, and the Church of San Bartolo, situated above the town of Pisco.
Along the coast there are high cliffs and beaches until you get to Ginostra, a quaint village that has maintained the typical elements of Aeolian, reachable only by boat through the tiny port of Pertuso. In front of the northern coast of the island, surrounded by clear waters, coral reefs emerging from the rock of Strombolicchio, remaining one of the most ‘ancient volcanic archipelago. Through a steep staircase carved into the rock you can reach the top where there is a lighthouse.
– Filicudi is the fifth-largest island in the Aeolian archipelago. The maximum height of Filicudi is represented by Mount Trench Ferns, 774 meters above sea level, an extinct volcano, dormant like other identifiable eruptive centers on the island, from the more ‘old wire Sciacca, the most recent of Capo Graziano and Montagnola. The coasts are mostly above the sea, crossed by skiing and inlets, where the volcanic nature, the erosion of the weather and marine, have produced a spectacular backdrop, as the impressive cave of Bue Marino, near Punta Perciato.
To the north west of Filicudi emerge from the sea cliffs of Montenassari, the Notary, of Mitra, in particular that of Canna, much loved by scuba divers, also, near the coast, secluded bays with crystal clear water, the rock of Giafante. Filicudi is very interesting from the archaeological point of view. To the south east of the island, in the peninsula of Capo Graziano, south of the plan of the port, there are the remains of prehistoric settlements dating from the age ‘of bronze.
On top Montagnola, dating to the previous and next in a better position to defend, you can see the remains of another prehistoric settlement. It is believed that the village has suffered a violent destruction in the thirteenth century. BC and, as a result of this catastrophic event, the island was uninhabited for a long time. Today in Filicudi there are small towns and two landings, and Filicudi Pecorini Sea port. Ancient paths, bridleways dirt or paved stone cross the island and are irreplaceable to achieve its beautiful places.
– Alicuidi is the westernmost island of the Aeolian archipelago. It ‘an extinct volcano whose base is developed from 1500 m. under the sea level to reach the 675 m. altitude above sea level of Mount Wire Harp. He is almost perfectly circular, there are creeks, its slopes descend sharply into the sea with steep and craggy coastline. Only on the eastern side of the island, the only less steep, there were built the houses. Here is the only town, Alicuidi Porto.
Walking along the steep paths meet, in splendici sights, the Church of the Carmine, the Church of San Bartolo, patron of the Aeolian Islands, and the various districts by typical rural houses, until you get to Mountain, the last town before reaching the top of Mount Wire Harp, the highest point ‘top Alicudi. In place of the roads there are mule tracks and steps of lava stone, which immersed in a nature full of charm, climb up to the top and get everywhere.
Are passable on foot or with donkeys and mules, the only means of transport used in the island. Alicudi been inhabited since prehistoric times, it was almost uninhabited in the Middle Ages because of pirate raids and repopulated after 1600. As evidence of the assaults of the Saracens, in an inaccessible area is the timpune females, a place where women and children were going to refuge.
– Panarea is the smallest and the less high of the Aeolian islands, reaches its highest point with 421 m. Timpone of the Corvo. Panarea, together with the islets of Basiluzzo, Dattilo, Lisca Bianca, Lisca Nera, Bottaro and reefs Spinazzola, Panarelli and ants form a small archipelago, which represents the outcropping of one of the largest and oldest of the Aeolian volcanic basins today almost completely submerged and eroded by the sea. Currently the volcanic activity is manifested through the phenomenon of fumaroles beach Calcara and gaseous emissions in the waters between the islands of Lisca Bianca and Bottaro.
The western and northern coasts of the island is characterized by inaccessible, very tall, with a strong inclination, while the eastern and southern coasts has more limited height, with beaches, low-lying areas and ancient terraces, used in the past to the cultivation of grapes and olives. The towns of the island are Ditella, St. Peter and Drautto. In the San Pietro is the main port of Panarea, before which develops the cozy village of St. Peter, from the typical white houses.
Continuing Drautto, along an ancient and fascinating path, you reach the promontory of Capo Milazzo, where you can see the remains of a prehistoric village dating back to the Bronze Age. From here you can go down to the beautiful beach of Cala junco, enclosed between two high rock walls and bathed by the clear waters.