Travel guide in Africa, useful information about the area, climate, hydrography, flora and fauna of the continent which covers one fifth of the land.
Africa in brief
- Number of components were: 65
- Surface area in square kilometers: 30,312,506
- Population: 854 967 000 (first half 2003)
Geography and territory Africa
The Africa covers more than 30 million km. square, the equivalent of a fifth of the land. flag africa It has a compact form, with the northern part massive and reaching out to the west and the southern part of forna a triangle with the point facing south. Its coasts are almost always low and flat to the north and little articulated and high south. Some islands that are part of Africa are: in the Indian Ocean, Madagascar, Seychelles, Comoros, Socotra. In the Atlantic Ocean: Cape Verde Islands, Bioko, Sao Tome, of St. Helena, the Canary Islands, Ascension, Madeira. The continent is united all’Euroasia isthmus of Suez (cut from the canal) to the north has the Mediterranean Sea, east of the ‘Indian Ocean and the Red Sea, the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
Africa is cut in half from the equator and stretches for about 4/5 in the area of the tropics. In equatorial temperatures are high, with little seasonal temperature and abundant rainfall throughout the year. North and south of this belt are two areas in tropical climate, with high temperatures and temperature changes per year more sensitive and with periods of rain alternating with one or two dry periods. The regions of the Sahara, the Kalahari and Namibia have a desert climate with high temperatures in the summer, extreme temperature annual and diurnal, very little or no precipitation. Instead, in the extreme northern and southern climate is Mediterranean, with mild winters and summers with temperatures not too high. Rainfall is summer in the Cape region and the winter north.
The African continent receives large watersheds with no outflow to the sea, as the basins of lakes Chad and Ngami. The lakes occupy most of the bottom of some sections of the rift valleys (Alberto, Turkana, Kivu, Edward, Tanganyika, Nyasa). Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa and one of the largest in the world. Much of the East African waters flow into the Nile River which flows into the Mediterranean Sea. Convey the equatorial waters in the river Congo or Zaire which empties into the Atlantic Ocean. The Zambezi and Limpopo rivers lead to the Indian Ocean waters south central Africa. The Niger River which empties into the Atlantic Ocean port waters west central Africa, while the Orange River pours into the Atlantic Ocean waters of the southern regions. The areas of the Sahara and Kalahari have waterways.
In the far north, where the climate is Mediterranean cultivated wheat, rice, pulses, cotton, coffee, tobacco, and there are plants such as pine and querce.Nelle oasis of the desert areas grow date palms, crops of cereals and vegetables. The subtropical areas with grassy steppes and savannas welcome gigantic trees like the baobab tree, sycamore, breadfruit. The gallery forests cover the large rivers. In the equatorial zone are the impenetrable rain forests with precious woods such as teak, rosewood, mahogany, ebony. Sugar cane, bananas, rubber crops are tropical areas.
In the deserts are camels and dromedaries. In temperate areas besides the animals of Mediterranean areas are crocodiles, hyenas, jackals, herons, vultures. Gazelles, antelopes, elephants, giraffes, zebras, ostriches, lions, leopards live in the plains and savannahs. In the forests are various species of monkeys, a multitude of insects, reptiles and birds.