Alberobello: what to see in the town of Trulli
What to see in Alberobello, origin of the name and history, major attractions and itinerary of places to visit on foot, from the House Pezzolla sovereign trullo.
Alberobello, a town in the province of Bari, is also known for its famous for trulli, which are characteristics of typical buildings of central and southern Puglia. The country stretches on two hills, on the hill located to the east is the newer part of town, while on the west line up the trulli. This urban area, divided into districts Monti and Aia Piccola, is recognized by UNESCO artistic heritage of global interest. The city’s name comes from the Latin of Alberobello Sylva aut nemur arboris beautiful, which means Selva or forest tree of war, and points out that the area in ancient times was a wooded area, where he probably took a feat of arms or an ambush of brigands.
The history of the town began in the sixteenth century when the King of Naples, Ferdinand of Aragon, gave the investiture of the fief including the Selva, Andrea Matteo Acquaviva, Count of Conversano. The Counts of Conversano began to bring people, mostly peasants, to break up and make the fertile forest, in exchange offered them the benefits, requesting only a tenth of the crops, but not granting any form of property, and even civic rights and privileges. The farmers were able to build their houses to dry, with the ban employ you any type of lime, were the trulli, so you can demolish in case of royal inspection, since the birth of an urban demanded the payment of tribute seconds the Pragmatic Baronibus.
In fact in 1644, following a complaint made by the Duke Caracciolo di Martina Franca was ordered a royal inspection, and then the Earl demolished in one night all the houses, allontanandone temporary residents. At the time of the inspection the inspectors regi found only scattered stones and so the action had no effect. After the settlers rebuilt their homes again, always respecting the prohibition of using lime. Meanwhile, the village of Selva grew, but the condition of the inhabitants was very sad, with no guarantee and protection for their own existence, since justice was in the hands of the vagaries of the Count. This life is very hard fueled the people’s desire for freedom and the aspiration to a civilian life. Finally in 1797 a group of alberobellesi took courage and went to Taranto to ask for help to King Ferdinand IV of Bourbon, who welcomed the request and issued a decree by which elevated the small village to a royal city, freeing it from feudal serfdom.
What to visit in Alberobello
The typical buildings of Alberobello, the trulli, the greek tholos which means dome, have survived to the present day through a thousand-year tradition. In a central area of the town situated between the district Aia Piccola and Piazza del Popolo, is the complex called Pezzolla House, named after the last owners, now owned by the town. And ‘the largest housing complex of 15 trulli contiguous and communicating, visit Alberobello, the oldest of which date back to the eighteenth century. The Trullo is the country’s largest sovereign trullo, and was built by the family Perta in the mid ‘700. This two-story building is a museum and the interior can be visited, is nicely reconstructed through the testimonies of the older inhabitants of Alberobello.