America continent: guide and useful travel and holidays

Guide America, posted in this topic and useful things to know to organize holidays in the Americas.

Trip Information in america

America is made up of two distinct masses, North America and AmericaMeridionale, linked together by a long, narrow strip of land, referred to as Central America, including the Caribbean islands.

  • Number of components were: 40
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 24,216,757
  • Population: 412 911 333 (first half 2001)

North America

North America or North America is located entirely in the northern hemisphere between the Arctic Ocean to the north and the Caribbean Sea to the south. flag america North America is the third-largest continent located almost entirely in the Western Hemisphere. And ‘bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, to the southeast by the Caribbean Sea and the south-west by the North Pacific. The North America offers breathtaking views, many cities to see, so many types of climates depending on the area with a wide variety of cultures, both current and from the past with some of the most famous landmarks in the world. North America’s part Canada, USA, Mexico and the Caribbean islands. The larger surface area is occupied by Canada and the US with an average altitude of about seven hundred meters. The North America or North America is located in the northern hemisphere, bounded on the north by the Arctic Sea, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the southeast by the Caribbean Sea, south and west by the Pacific Ocean. South America lies to the southeast. North America and South America are identified collectively as the Americas. North America joins the South America at the border between Colombia and Panama to the Panama Canal. The mainland coast is very long and very irregular. The Gulf of Mexico is the largest bay on the continent, it follows the Hudson Bay, the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the Gulf of California. Many of the islands off the coast including the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, the Greater and the Lesser Antilles, the Alexander Archipelago and the Aleutian Islands. Greenland, which belongs to Denmark, is the largest island in the world that are geographically part of North America. The vast North American can be divided into large regions including the Great Plains, ranging from the Gulf of Mexico to the Arctic Canada, the western mountains, which are geologically young, which includes the famous Rocky Mountains, the Great Basin , California and Alaska, the plateau of the Canadian Shield, the Northeast region, which includes the Appalachian Mountains, the coastal plain along the Atlantic coast and the peninsula of Florida. Mexico, characterized by long mountain ranges and plateaus, considering falls largely in the western region. The western mountains are divided into two by the Rockies and coastal ranges of California, Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia. The highest peak is Mount McKinley in Alaska.

Climate North America

The climate of North America is influenced not only by the latitude, the arrangement of the reliefs, the distance from the coast and the atmospheric circulation that results in frequent changes of time and severe cyclones. Barriers represented by reliefs arranged parallel to the coast prevent influences relievers marine arrive until the inner regions, subject to this reason a distinctly continental climate, with considerable seasonal temperature even reaching 55 ° Celsius. Coastal regions are located in the middle latitudes enjoy a mild climate, while those of the Gulf of Mexico are subject to a tropical climate; the extreme northern regions (Northern Canada, Greenland) are characterized by polar climate. In the islands of Central America the climate is tropical, while in the isthmus region there is a clear division into three bands determined by the altitude: tierras calientes (hot lands) up to 600 ., Tierras templadas (temperate lands) from 600th 1800 m., tierras frias (cold lands) above 1800 m.

Hydrography North America

Relevant is the diversity of the rivers that flow into the Pacific Ocean and those that flow into the Atlantic Ocean. The first fact is characterized by a short, steep course due to the proximity of the North American mountain ranges, the latter from a course much longer and smooth with regular slope not steeper.

Flora North America

Flora of North America was changed by man incisively. The affected range from the Arctic Circle and the southern Greenland are characterized by tundra (mosses, lichens, grasses and dwarf suffrutici); south of this (Canada) extend conifers (pines and firs) often mixed hardwood (birch, poplar, beech Americans), especially along the side of the Pacific. In the central regions, driest, stretch grasslands and steppe grasses with bushy plants and thorny. The desert areas (around the Salt Lake) have a poorer vegetation, due to xerofile and succulent (southern Mexico) and, in Arizona, in Cacti. The side of the Atlantic has coniferous forests (also sequoias) and deciduous trees, crashing along intermontane plateaus and canyons, vegetation, lack of almost everything. Further south, around the Gulf of Mexico, it says a tropical and subtropical vegetation which is connected to the north, to that of North America, which gradually changes (Valleys of the Rio San Juan and I. Managua and Nicaragua) to vegetation of South America.

Wildlife North America

North America continued to be found bison, deer, elk, bears and most characteristic of the area are the ox and muskrat. In Central America to be reported are the monkeys platirrine, vampires, the anteater, puma, jaguar and tapir

Central America

Central America or Central America includes 21 independent states of which 13 were located in the Caribbean island. Central America is a narrow isthmus connecting North America to South America. The North Pacific Ocean lies to the south-west, the Caribbean Sea lies to the north-east and the Gulf of Mexico is in the north. Most of Central America remains above the Caribbean area. The region is geologically active, with frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. The land made fertile by volcanic lavas and bad weather made it possible to cultivate large areas of upland agricultural products to support with entire cities. Central America offers a stunning coastline, with clear water and temperate waters, tropical forests and rich experience through the diverse cultural heritage, made up of many archaeological sites to witness the interesting past civilizations.

South America

The definition of South America or South America has its origins as far back as 1507 when the cartographers of the time it was suggested by the Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci that the newly discovered continent was a New World and the East Indies as originally believed. South America is a continent located in the Western Hemisphere, especially in the southern hemisphere, and is bordered to the west by the Pacific Ocean and to the north east by the Atlantic Ocean. For South America, there are many travel options, tourist destinations characterized by stunning coastlines, cities very lively, sometimes with colonial history, mountain areas with hiking trails and of course the vast rain forest characterized by Amazonian biodiversity.

Climate South America

The climate of South America is influenced largely by the tropical belt in which 2/3 is about including this part of America. The area to the south is part instead of the southern temperate zone. The tropical zone is characterized by the climate is hot and humid, rainy, along the coasts and in the Amazon caribiche, while in the Orinoco basin and in the interior regions of the plateau of Brazil rainfall become more scarce. The Andean region affected by the altitude, allowing it to be inhabited even in equatorial regions. In the southern regions the temperature decreases rapidly as one moves southward, so that in Tierra del Fuego climate has characteristics typically polar

Hydrography South America

Even in South rivers are characterized by a trend in the short and impetuous towards the Pacific Ocean, while those who go down to the Atlantic ocean, are much richer in water and thousands of kilometers long.

Flora South America

In the tropical zone corresponding to the Amazonian lowlands (and part of Guayana) we have the “selvas” (equatorial jungles rich in rivers where aquatic plants abound, genres Pontederia and Eichhornia), along the Atlantic coast, between the mouths Orinoco and the territory of Rio de Janeiro to the west along the eastern slopes of the Andes, from Colombia to Brazil; nell’altopiano Brazilian, typically less susceptible to rain, there are campos cerrados and catingas; in the Orinoco basin, savannah grasses and sedges; in the area of ​​the pampas (Argentina, Uruguay and southern most of Chado), prevail steppes and high grasses; in arid steppe and is rich rocks in Patagonia, there are monkey-puzzle; in the south, toward the Strait of Magellan, American beech forests; in the extreme southern part, there are desert areas populated by mosses, lichens and grasses hygrophile. Other desert areas are located further north along the coasts of Chile and southern Peru.

Fauna South America

In South America they live, in particular, the monkeys platirrine, vampires, armadillo, anteater, carnivorous species like puma and jaguar, camelids, the llama, alpaca and vicuna. Then there are poisonous reptiles like the lizard (Gila Monster) and birds such as toucans, hummingbirds and fly. The waters of the rivers are full of alligators and piranhas.