Ansedonia: guide to visit the promontory of Orbetello

Guide visit Ansedonia, history and what to see in this famous promontory of Tuscany, wet from the Tyrrhenian Sea and near the Monte Argentario.

Where is the history and Ansedonia

Located at the east of Monte Argentario, the promontory of Ansedonia, is part of the municipality of Orbetello. On its summit are the ruins of the ancient Roman city of Cosa, located near the modern Ansedonia, known tourist resort that stretches down to the sea where there are beaches and bathing establishments.

The colony of Cosa, founded by the Romans in 273 BC, was built on the rocky promontory, so you have control over the conquered territory and the surrounding sea. Its urban center was planned and carried out by giving it everything they needed to the colony to carry out political and administrative functions, as well as control over the port areas of the cape and the coastal road.

In the first century BC, the population began to shift from the hill to the valley below, causing a slow decay of the town, and an almost complete depopulation of the site since the third century AD, when they were only the noble farms in the countryside still viable.

Probably the name of the city changed from Cosa in Ansedonia, in the Byzantine period (fifth-sixth century), when there was a restructuring of the area, to accommodate the installation of a military garrison that had the task to prevent the invasion Lombard. Between the ninth and thirteenth centuries, Ansedonia became the property of the Abbey of the Three Fountains, as Pope Leo III and Charlemagne, they destined its territory to the Monastery of the Three Fountains of Rome.

In the thirteenth century Ansedonia was dominated by the family of Aldobrandeschi and the Republic of Orvieto. In 1329 it was destroyed by the army of the Republic of Siena, later became part of the State of the Garrisons, then became part of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.

What to see in Ansedonia

Worthy of note are the interesting archaeological area, the National Archaeological Museum and the works of Roman engineering Tagliata Etrusca and the slit of the Queen, carved into the rock along the headland to the protection of the ancient Etruscan-Roman port. On the slopes of the promontory rises also the coastal towers of San Pancrazio in the west, and east of San Biagio.