Argentina: travel information, things to know, guide

Argentina travel guide with all the relevant information concerning the territory, climate, time zone, necessary documents, when to go and how to get there.

Argentina in brief

  • Capital: Buenos Aires (39.9 million inhabitants ref. First half of 2001)
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 2780092
  • Population: 8,201,336 (first half 2001)
  • Religion: Catholic

Where is Argentina

Argentina is bordered to the north by Bolivia and Paraguay, with Chile to the west, northeast with Paraguay and Brazil, to the east with Uruguay, southeast overlooking the Atlantic Ocean. The territory of Argentina is characterized by the Andes mountain range that marks the border with Chile and the eastern plains. The reliefs of the central part of the Andes reach the higher altitudes (6959 m Aconcagua. Mercedario 6770 m.). To the east of the reliefs of the Andes regions are of various types. From north to south we meet the Chaco (a vast lowland covered by a prairie spread of shrubs, crossed by rivers Bermejo, Salado and Pilcomayo); Argentine Mesopotamia between the rivers Parana and Uruguay (low and marshy); the Pampas (a large flat expanse); the Patagonian region, south of the Rio Colorado, (steppe and sparsely populated).


The river is the largest of Argentina Parana that with its main tributary, the Paraguay, and Uruguay River form a valid system of river navigation. The confluence of the rivers Parana and Uruguay form the largest estuary of the Rio de la Plata. On the border with Brazil, in the subtropical forest, the Iguazu River flows into the Parana after giving a deeply moving spectacle with the beautiful Iguazu Falls. Other important rivers are the Rio Salado, a tributary of the Paraná and Pilcomayo. In the Chaco and Pampas some rivers flow into lakes. In the Patagonian region are the main rivers: the Colorado, (results in Bahia Blanca), the Negro, the Chubut. These rivers have long courses and full of water, but are not navigable. In the Andes of Patagonia is much appreciated by the tourist point of view the lake region, (Parc National Nahuel Huapi) with the tourist center Bariloche Argentina.

Climate Argentina

Argentina is almost all-in southern temperate zone but has a remarkable variety of climate types due to its wide extension in latitude; lying below the equator the summer months starting in December (the warmer months are January and February) while winter corresponds to our summer months. The climate is tropical in the Chaco region and subtropical in the Mesopotamia region. These areas are affected by air masses dell’anticiclone the South Atlantic, with precipitation that decrease proceeding from east to west. In the Pampas, the climate is temperate, with warm summers and mild winters. In Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego time is characterized by instability and wind. Andes mountain climate has features: the northern Andes are drier than in the south that lowering encourage greater rainfall, thanks to the winds of the Pacific Ocean.


The population of Argentina is composed mainly of immigrants from Europe (mainly Italian and Spanish), and only a fraction of indigenous peoples. The population is concentrated mainly in urban areas; in the metropolitan area of ​​Buenos Aires lives almost a third of the entire population.

Time zone

In Argentina, the Italian tourist must move the clock 4 hours behind Italy and five hours back when in Italy there is daylight saving time.

Spoken language

The official language of Argentina is Spanish.


The Argentine economy after the crisis, which began in 1998 and culminated in 2001, is recovering with a strong annual growth of GDP, although a high percentage of the population is in poverty. In agriculture are important crops of cereals, sugar cane, fruit and vegetable crops, cotton, tobacco, orchards, vineyards. It ‘very developed cattle farming that feeds dairies and meat. Significant wool production. Argentina also has major hydroelectric reserves, deposits of uranium and oil; produces natural gas. Notable textile, food and automotive. In cities, the service sector is taking place in the industry.

When you go to Argentina

The best time to go to Argentina is very dependent on the area that you want to visit, as there are various types of climate. In sub-tropical areas, to the north of the country, the months are most suitable for winter (May to September) when the rains fall and lower temperatures. In Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego are preferred the summer months (November to March), with sunny days but also very variable and suckers. For the city of Buenos Aires is good all year.

Documents needed

To enter Argentina, up to 3 months of residence, you need the passport valid for at least 6 months from the date of commencement of the journey.


To call to Argentina the country code is: 0054


The electric current is 220 volts, 50 cycles. You need an adapter for standard flat slats

Money and credit cards Argentina

The official currency of Argentina is the Argentine Peso (ARS). And ‘possible to make ATM withdrawals and in many cases are also accepted US dollars and Euros. Have spread credit cards.