Asia holidays guide and useful travel and tourism
Asia travel guide, useful information about the area, climate, hydrography, flora and fauna of this continent.
Asia in brief
- Number of components were: 50
- Surface area in square kilometers: 44,368,957
- Population: 3.070556 billion
Asia is the largest continent, covers an area of 44,368,957 km. square (also including inland waters), corresponds to almost one third of the land. Its surface is fully included in the Northern Hemisphere (excluding some islands dell’Insulindia). The limits are marked on the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the south by the Indian Ocean, east and west by the Pacific Ocean from the Red Sea, the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea, from depression Manyckuma, the Caspian depression, the Ural River and from the Urals. These mountain ranges mark the boundaries with Europe, with which Asia form a single landmass: Eurasia. Asia is connected with Africa through the Suez Canal and is separate northeast from the American continent only by the strait of the Bering Strait.
Asia with its vast extent in latitude has various climates, also affected by the relief, by the proximity of the sea, and the monsoon regime. We can list: Equatorial climate: warm and humid (Philippines, Insulindia, Malay peninsula, coasts of Burma). Tropical climate: with a temperature range and heavier rainfall during the summer monsoon. (Indochina, Deccan, Strilanka). Subtropical climate: with marked seasonal differences and temperature (Indo-Gangetic plains and China Central). Mediterranean climate with rainy winters and temperate and hot summers and very dry. (Limited to a narrow coastal strip of Asia Minor and Syria). Continental climate: with low rainfall and temperature ranges accentuated. (Mongolia, Tibet, Iran, Anatolia). Subarctic climate: with long, harsh winters, short summers and warm and well distributed rainfall in the year. (Most of Siberia).
Asia has the largest number of major rivers, although they are not very long because the part between the Caspian Sea and the Gobi desert is occupied by areiche areas, that is devoid of surface hydrography. Great rivers also reach inland basins (areas endoreiche), devoid of outflow to the sea. On the side of the Arctic Ocean are the Siberian rivers (ob, Yenisey, Lena) that originate from the northern edge of the Asian highlands. The other major rivers subject to disastrous floods in the rainy season come from the mountains of Central Asia. Flow into the Pacific Ocean the Amur, the Hwang Ho and Yangtze Kiang; in the Indian Ocean, the Indus, the Brahmaputra and the Ganges. Lake Maggiore is the Caspian Sea, remaining as the Aral Sea an ancient inland sea. The Baikal and the Dead Sea are of tectonic origin.
Vegetation and flora Asia
The natural vegetation is distributed according to the climatic zones. Proceeding from the Arctic Ocean to the south is a strip of tundra, developed mainly in the east, the vast boreal forest or taiga, covering almost the whole of Siberia. In the area of southwestern Siberia is a forest consisting of maple, oak and linden, and extensive arid zone consists of the steppe and desert. The savanna areas in monsoon climate, and scrub vegetation evergreen subtropical areas. The tropical forest, which extends in the most rainy peninsulas Indiana, Malay and the islands of Australasia. In the tundra subsoil almost always ice cream allows growth of only low bushes, mosses, and lichens. In addition to the taiga coniferous (pine and larch fir) are some deciduous (birch and aspen). In the tropical forest rich in species are also present ebony and mahogany trees.
The breeds of animals are many and depending on the environment include:
– Tundra: reindeer, polar bear, polar fox, the lemming, white hare.
– Taiga: wolves, brown bears, ermine, sable, silver fox, otter, skunk, marten.
– Steppe and deserts: tigers, lions, leopards, hyenas, antelopes, jackals, gazelles, karakul sheep, camel, angora goat.
– Over the mountain: yak, panda.
– Savannah and forest elephants, tigers, rhinos, cheetahs, panthers, orangutan, gibbon.
Archaeological sites and mountain ranges in Asia
Asia has a long cultural history and for that on its territory there are some six archaeological and historical sites the world’s finest. In Asia there are also various mountain ranges, active volcanoes with periodic eruptions, beautiful islands, the city very lively and very diverse traditions.