Assisi in one day: what to see, visit St. Francis
What to visit in Assis in a day, as to the small city of Umbria known worldwide for being the birthplace of St. Francis.
How to visit Assisi
Assisi is located on the western slopes of Mount Subasio in the province of Perugia. The city is a witness of Franciscan spirituality because here were born, lived and died in St. Francis and St. Clare. The precious religious heritage of Assisi is also flanked artistic treasures, why the city has been declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. About the history, Assisi was inhabited by the Umbrian and then by the Romans, whose domain vestiges remain attractive.
In the Archaeological Museum is preserved material of Etruscan and Roman, also, through a corridor leads to the monumental area corresponding to the hole of the Roman city. Another monument of the Roman era is the Temple of Minerva, built in the first century BC, the Roman era that remains is the facade, in 1539 was built inside the Church of Santa Maria Minerva, remodeled in the next century Baroque .
The city is dominated by the Rocca Maggiore, an ideal location to admire the view of the city and surrounding landscape. The fortress was built as a citadel of Germanic feudalism, was rebuilt in the second half of the fourteenth century by Cardinal Albornoz in defense of Assisi, later belonged to the lordships they obtained power over the city.
Places to visit in Assisi
The heart of Assisi and the Franciscan message fulcrum is the Basilica di San Francesco, consists of a bottom and a top, whose inputs are independent. Construction began in 1228 shortly after the canonization of Francis. The upper Basilica, in Italian Gothic style, is famous for its famous Giotto frescoes depicting the life of St. Francis.
The Lower Basilica Romanesque also presents valuable frescoes, works of different artists, but especially by Giotto and his school and Simone Martini. In the middle of the nave are two staircases leading down to the crypt where he laid the body of St. Francis. The Church of Santa Chiara was built between 1255 and 1265 in the place where was the Church of San Giorgio, which until 1230 had kept the mortal remains of St. Francis.
The Church is in Italian Gothic style, inside it is the Chapel of the Crucifix, hosting the twelfth-century crucifix that spoke to St. Francis in San Damiano. Below the aisle in a crypt has laid the body of St. Clare. The Church of San Rufino is the Cathedral of Assisi, was built around 1140 and designed by Giovanni da Gubbio. Built at the bottom of the homonymous rectangular square, the church presents a magnificent Romanesque façade-Umbrian.
The Church is dedicated to San Rufino, who was bishop and martyr preached the gospel in Assisi in the first half of the third century. And ‘the third church dedicated to San Rufino, the first dated from the eighth century, the second erected around 1030 have survived the bell tower and the crypt. In the baptismal font were baptized Francis, Clare and Frederick II, who grew up in Rocca Imperiale of Assisi, called Rocca Maggiore.
By Pope St. Pius V, in 1569 began the construction of the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli, whose work was completed about a century later, in 1679. This large church was built in order to accommodate the many pilgrims and guard places made sacred by the memory of St. Francis, here you are in fact the Chapels of the Portiuncula, the Transit and the Rose Garden.
The Portiuncula is a church that, reduced abandoned for a long time, it was restored by St. Francis. And ‘the center of the Franciscan, the place where Francis clearly understood his vocation and founded the Order of Friars Minor, in 1209.
The Transit, a compartment in stone as it was the infirmary of the primitive convent, is the place where St. Francis spent the last days of his life and died October 3, 1226, laid naked on the ground. In an area of the Sanctuary is the rose without thorns. According to tradition, St. Francis a night when he was assaulted by doubt and temptation jumped into a bramble of thorns that was found near his cell.
At his touch the thorns turned into roses without thorns. Even today these roses continue to flourish at the Portiuncula. The Church of San Damiano is a church of the XII century in Romanesque style, the place where St. Francis, while praying before the crucifix, he received the call to work for the Church and where later, now physically tired and sick, composed the Canticle Creatures. Here dwelt Santa Chiara between 1211 and 1253, and founded the order of the Sisters Nuns, and this building was also witnessed some miracles of Consecrated to God.