Athens: what to see in the capital of Greece
What to see in Athens, attractions and places to visit in the city of the Parthenon, where the Acropolis hill dominates the Attica and the port of Piraeus.
Athens is the capital of Greece located on a plain in the central part of Attica, which is one of the regions in which is divided ancient Greece, surrounded to the north by Mount Parnis, north-east from Mount Pentelic, south-east Mount Hymettus. Constitutes a single urban area together with the common port of Piraeus. In his historic rise several hills, among which the famous hill of the Acropolis and Lycabettus hill, the highest among all (263 meters), from where visitors can enjoy a beautiful view.
The name comes from the goddess Athena, in Greek mythology, was the daughter of Zeus and was the goddess of wisdom and the arts. If you consider the entire municipality Athens has little more than seven hundred thousand inhabitants excluding the metropolitan area with which would reach almost four million. Athens is located on a plain in the center of Attica and constitutes a single urban area together with the common port of Piraeus.
As for the climate can be said that it is a typical Mediterranean climate which has hot summers and mild winters with little rainfall throughout the year. In January which is the coldest temperatures never drop below nine degrees Celsius while in July which is the hottest they were no longer than thirty degrees centigrade.
The best months in terms of climate for a visit to the city usually May, September and October. As for the economy of Athens and Greece in general there has been a dizzying growth since 1990 that has grown quite a lot of its gross domestic product.
About a fifth of popazione working deals with agriculture with the cultivation of olives and above all vines to produce large quantities of oil and wine. Fisheries must be said that, contrary to what one might think, is not widely practiced and is limited primarily to a quantity suitable only for local use and as cattle are treated mainly sheep and goats. The higher percentage of ‘economy is based mainly on tourism, which creates widespread development of local health club.
Places to visit in Athens
The tourist places of interest are the ‘Acropolis, the Temple of Zeus, the archaeological area of ancient agora and the theater of Dionysus, the Municipal Art Gallery and the Archaeological Museum of Piraeus. Athens is a big city, which has behind it a long history, highlighted by its prestigious and fascinating ruins. Overlooking the Acropolis, the upper town, the Parthenon, the most famous among the masterpieces of Greek architecture, was built in the fifth century BC, under Pericles, the Athenian general, to guard the cult statue of the goddess Athena and the sacred treasure of the city. The second temple of the largest, but not least, as it was the true sacred core of the Acropolis and the city, is the Erechtheion. The temple contained numerous places of worship, the most important of which were dedicated to Athena Polias, Erechtheus, Poseidon and Cecrops.
It dates back to the fifth century BC and is famous for the porch supported by statues of maidens marble caryatids. These statues are now replaced by copies, the originals are in the Acropolis Museum and one of them in the British Museum in London. On the Acropolis there is also a museum, built in the late nineteenth century to collect only materials found on the Acropolis. At the foot of the Acropolis relaxes the Plaka, the old quarter of Athens, an area that preserves the most picturesque corner of the city, with beautiful Byzantine churches and narrow streets, overlooked souvenir shops, cafes and restaurants.
Near the Plaka district is Monastiraki Square, famous for the flea market. In the modern part, in Syntagma Square overlooking the ancient royal palace, now a Parliament, surrounded by National Garden. Of great interest is the National Archaeological Museum of Athens, one of the most important museums in the world, the richest regarding Hellenic art. The great port city, Piraeus, faces south, the Gulf of Aegina (or Saronic).