Austria: guide and tips travel and holidays
Guide Austria, things to know for travel and vacation in the state capital of Europe with Vienna, helpful advice.
Austria in brief
- Capital: Vienna
- Surface area in square kilometers: 83457
- Population: 8,201,336
- Religion: Predominantly Catholic (81%)
Where is Austria
Austria to the north it borders with Germany and the Czech Republic, to the northeast with the Slovak Republic, Hungary to the east, southeast and south with Slovenia with Italy, to the west with Switzerland and Liechtenstein. Austria is a country mainly mountainous being composed for over 70% of the territory from the north east of the Alpine system; the remainder consists of the hills and plains of the Danube basin and from the western end of the Pannonian lowlands. In the northern part of the country is dominated by the massive pre-Alpine, formed by sedimentary rocks, mainly dolomitic limestone. From east to west, there are the Bavarian Alpine foothills and the Salzburg and east of the Enns valley, the Austrian Alpine foothills proper. The central and formed from the eastern Alps, the crystalline aspect, including the Alps dell’Otxal, Zillertal, the High and the Low Tauern. Here are the highest peaks of the place, namely: Grossglockner (3797 m) and Wildspitze (3774 m). To the south rise the majestic Alpine foothills Southern Limestone (Gailtaler Alpen and the northern slope of the Carnic Alps).
Only major navigable river in Austria is the Danube, which crosses the entire country from west to east for about 345 km; then there are various tributaries including the Inn, the Traun and the Drava.
Climate is continental, with characteristics distinctly alpine areas at higher altitude. Rainfall is concentrated mostly in the summer months.
Population density is low in the Alpine regions (Tyrol, Salzburg and Carinthia), relatively higher in Lower Austria and in Upper. One-fifth of the total population is concentrated in the capital Vienna.
Official language is German, but in many regions of the Italian is understood and spoken. Including and also spoken Slovenian, Croatian and Hungarian (border areas).
Much of the national domestic product comes from industry in Austria. Agriculture accounts for only 18% as farmland (potatoes, wheat, barley and rye), due to the prevailing mountainous character of the area. For 24% of the territory is covered by grasslands and pastures and 38% by forests. Underground resources, which include iron, oil, lignite and magnesite, have fueled the development of steel industries, mechanical (machinery, vehicles) and chemical (rubber and textile fibers).
When to go Austria
For ski lovers, the most suitable months to go in Austria are the winter while the rest of the year can be exploited for the rest. The two main cities to visit Vienna and Salzburg are both very pleasant at any time of year.
Documents required travel Austria
From 1 January 2000, the citizens of a country belonging to the European Union euro are no longer subject to customs checks before entering Austria. Can still be sporadic cases of individual controls so it is recommended to always keep on hand an identity card ‘(which is enough) or a passport valid.
International code to call Austria: 0043
Power grid is 220 volts 50Hz.
Official currency Austria is euro.