Balearic holiday travel guide, information, how to get
Useful information to go to the Balearic Islands, which are the islands of this archipelago of Spain, things to know, the best times for holidays
- Capital: Palma
- Surface area in square kilometers: 4,992 sq km
- Population: 1,029,139 (first half 2008)
- Religion: Catholic
Where are the Balearic
The Balearic archipelago is located in the western Mediterranean Sea in front of the Gulf of Valencia, eastern Spanish coast. The Balearic Islands form a community politically ‘autonomous Spanish.
What are the islands of the Balearics
The major islands that make up the Balearic archipelago, are Majorca, Menorca, Ibiza and Formentera, as well as other minor islands. Ibiza and Formentera are part of the small archipelago of Pitiuse.
– Majorca is the island more wide Balearics. The Sierra de Tramontana runs parallel to the northwest coast of the island, from Andratx and Calvia south, Pollenca in the north, and is a mountain range of limestone whose peaks rise majestically over the sea, covered with forests of oak and beautiful terraced valleys. In the middle lies a fertile plain, very beautiful in terms of landscape and architecture. In the south east there are reliefs that hide caves from the spectacular limestone formations. The coast is formed by a succession of beautiful sandy beaches, among cliffs and beautiful bays. The most popular beaches of Mallorca are Platja d’Es Trenc, which is located in the south of the island, S’Arenal, the longest beach of the great capital Palma de Mallorca, Formentor, situated in the north of the island, in addition to the beaches Cala Mesquida, Cala Torta, Cala Agulla and Cala petite.
– Menorca is the second largest island of the Balearic Islands, located to the east of the island of Mallorca and was declared a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO. The territory is mostly flat. To the north is the area called Tramuntana, as the north wind, a gently undulating land, with the rugged coastline and picturesque bays interrupted by the reddish sand. At the center of the area is occupied by the reliefs Mitjana more ‘high island, covered with forests and interspersed with pastures and crops of fruit and vegetables, the Monte Toro with 357 meters above sea level is the maximum height. To the south the area called Migjorn, as the south wind, is the most ‘extended and is formed by a large limestone plateau marked by deep valleys characterized by the cultivation of oranges and citrus fruits, which ends with cliffs interspersed with bays and beaches golden sand. The capital of Menorca, Mahon, is at the end of a long inlet, along which lies the port of the same name. Mahon is the natural harbor more ‘big in the world, after that of Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. Some of the most famous beaches of Menorca are Cala En Turqueta, Cala Pregonda, Cala Macarella and Macarelleta, Cala Mitjana, Son Bou and Cala Galdana.
– Ibiza is the third largest island of the Balearic Islands. Its territory is undulating and rocky in the north, while the southern part is flat, where are the tourist facilities and the most frequented beaches, such as Cala Vedella, Cala Bassa, Cala Tarida and many more.
– Formentera is the smaller island, between the four main islands of the Balearic Islands, and is occupied in the west to an area with saline, while in the east the land rises until the Plateau of Mola (200 m), where the coast is characterized by high cliffs overlooking the sea. Among the most popular beaches are highlighted Platja de ses Illetes, Platja de Llevant and Cala Sahona.
The Balearic Islands the hydrographic network consists mainly of streams. Note that in some areas the limestone soils have fostered the phenomenon of karst with the formation of numerous caves.
The climate of the Balearic Islands is Mediterranean. The average temperatures range in winter around
15 ° C, and in the summer of 27 degrees C. Rainfall is concentrated, usually in November and between February and April.
The population consists mostly of Spanish-Castilian, Catalan, Galician and Basque.
Time the Balearic Islands
The Balearic Islands have the same time Italy.
Language spoken in the Balearic Islands
The official languages are Catalan and Castilian.
The main item of the Balearic economy is tourism. Agriculture is present with the cultivation of citrus fruits, grapes, olives, figs, almonds and vegetables.
When to go to the Balearics
From the perspective of climate the best time to visit the Balearic Islands is the summer, the months of June, July and August. The months of May-June and September-October are preferred for those who want to find less crowded and better prices.
Documents required travel Balearic
Italian citizens to go the Balearic Islands need a valid identity card or passport for foreign travel.
– The international code for calls to Balearic Islands is: 0034
The electric current is 220 V 50 Hz.
Money and credit cards Balearic
The official currency of the Balearic Islands is euro.