Barcelona: what to see, itinerary to visit it in 3 days
What to visit in Barcelona in just three days, what to see in Barcelona in the capital of the region of Catalonia in Spain.
Travel Guide Barcelona
Barcelona, the capital of Catalonia and one of the most important cities of Spain, is famous for having hosted numerous international events, including the summer Olympics and the Universal Forum of Cultures. Barcelona is geographically situated in the south of the Pyrenees mountain range, near the border with France on the Mediterranean coast. The city lies on a plain located between the Sierra de Collserola and the sea, at the foot of the Castle hill Montjuic Barcelona, and is bordered to the north and south by the rivers Besos and Llobregat.
The key to success of Barcelona as a major port in the fifteenth century was its location inside the crown of Aragon. The lack of navigable waterways in the trade Catalonia limited internal overland routes that converged at the port of Barcelona. Barcelona played an important trade route along the coast from southern France in Valencia and, together with the ports of Majorca and Valencia, controlled the western part of the Mediterranean.
The city was built as a Roman fort built on a hill that has remained the religious and political center of the city. In the late Middle Ages, the city was expanded to the sea. In the center of Barcelona were built numerous religious and cultural monuments, including the political seat of Catalonia, the palaces of kings and treasury. The city was ruled by the palace Conseglio Hundred, a council composed of five directors and a jury of one hundred citizens of honor.
The prosperity of medieval Barcelona was abruptly interrupted by the civil war of 1462 lasted ten years during which were destroyed tissue political, social and economic development of the city, with heavy losses on international trade. The loss of markets in the Mediterranean in Barcelona was not compensated for the exploration of the Americas, as this new market was dominated by Castile.
After an unsuccessful revolt against the Habsburgs, in the period from 1640 to 1652, Barcelona turned out to still have its privileges intact traditional politicians, who lost though fighting against the Bourbon dynasty in the Spanish Civil War from 1701 to 1714. At the end of the eighteenth century, the city experienced a thriving textile industry in the cotton sector and opening of trade with Latin America.
Itinerary Barcelona three days
Interesting things to see are concentrated in the area around the Cathedral of the Gothic Quarter and in the neighborhoods of Eixample. In the Gothic Quarter, the most ‘old city, there are: the Casa de l’Ardiaca, the Bishop’s Palace, the Casa de la Pia Almoina, the Palau de la Generalitat, the residence of the Counts of Barcelona and the Kings of Aragon , and the Cathedral built in honor of Santa Eulalia, patroness of the city.
In the districts of Eixample has manifested the genius of Gaudi ‘(the great architect of modernism). We can admire in these major works: Casa Vicens (Carrer del les Carolines 22) of 1883 to 1888; Halls Guell (Avinguda de Pedralbes) of 1884-87; Palau Güell (Carrer Nou de la Rambla 3) of 1886-88; the Convent de las Teresianes (Carrer de Granduxer 85) of 1888-89; the Casa Calvet (Carrer de Casp 48) of 1898 to 1900; House Bellesguard (Carrer de Bellesguard 16) of 1900-09; Park Guell (Carrer d’Olot), the Casa Batllo (Passeig de Gràcia 43) of 1905-07; Finally, Casa Mila, known as La Pedrera (Passeig de Gràcia 92) of 1905-10.
Finally the extraordinary Sagrada Familia, Plaza de la Sagrada Familia, Gaudi had agreed to build in 1883 (the work was begun a year earlier by Francisco de Paula del Villar). The work remained unfinished at his death and is now continued by the Japanese Etsuro Sotoo. Towards the sea, you reach the district of Ribeira where we can admire the Palace of the Marquis of Llio, the palace Aguilar, (home to the Picasso Museum) and the Palace of Catalan Music (UNESCO heritage site).
From Montjuic you can enjoy a wonderful view of Barcelona, there are museums and gardens, the castle, a former military fortress and the city theater.
In Barcelona there is a great and very popular market town of La Boqueria, which are worth to visit given the number of the exhibits, the park of the citadel which houses a zoo, the Basilica of the Sagrada Familia, impressive work of modern architecture, Park Guell , Batlò home, house with roof made of majolica tiles, and La Pedrera. La Place Royale is one of the most frequented by tourists, has fountains and wrought iron street lamps very well decorated that give the whole complex looks great.
A short distance away is the Gothic Quarter which is a district in the medieval Gothic style made of alleys arranged around the cathedral characterized by fine examples of typical houses.
If you like where locals go to dance or drink you can go in the district de Gracia, located in the upper area of the city, and in the neighborhood of Poble Nou, located in the old industrial area of Barcelona which is located in the north of the Olympic zone. A typical restaurant is the historic café Els Quatre Gats, formerly frequented by the young Pablo Picasso.
Itinerary Barcelona three days
The neighborhood of the old city, is the first district of the ten that divide this fascinating city and it falls to the entire historical center. At the center of Ciutat Vella is the Barri Gotic (Gothic Quarter), separate to the east through the Via Laietana from the Born district, in the south it borders instead directly with the Port Vell (old port) and the sea, west las ramblas divide it from the Raval area, while further north you get to Plaça Catalunya.
The Barrio Gothic Barcelona, to be definitely on the list of what to see in Barcelona, has always been, throughout history, the political center of the city as well as religious, as is demonstrated by the presence of Barcino, which was the original Roman Empire, where is preserved almost perfectly the ancient wall. Arise in this place the oldest buildings in the city, including the Cathedral and the Palacio del Obispo (Bishop’s Palace).
Caracterise from many narrow streets and small squares, filled with shops and pedestrians with places to eat and drink, and the many works of art, is certainly one of the major tourist attractions of this city of Spanish Catalonia. The Cathedral of the Holy Cross and Saint Eulalia dates back to the thirteenth century and is built in the Gothic style. Santa Eulalia is the patron saint of Barcelona, martyred in Roman times and celebrated on February 12 of each year.
There is a legend of Santa Eutalia that tells of how he was exposed naked waiting for the snow to fall by covering the body and then roll it, locked inside a barrel equipped with nails, for a small street that now bears the name of Baixada de Santa Eulalia. Las Ramblas, another fine example of what to see in Barcelona, essence, represent a number of avenues places in the city center, used as a pedestrian mall and walking area with the presence of actors and street stalls, which combine central Plaça Catalunya with the Columbus monument located at the Port Vell (Old Port).
The Boqueria market is a typical market in Barcelona, one of the oldest in Europe. Here are several stalls with all kinds of merchandise, especially grocery. It is located on a side street that goes to flow on the Ramblas. The Gran Teatre del Liceu opera house is the oldest in Barcelona, located in the Rambla dels Caputxins, hosts prestigious works with the help of the best singers in the world.
When you go to Barcelona
Recommended time for a visit to Barcelona is the month of September, in which the city’s patron saint is celebrated with musical performances, bullfights, dancing and fireworks for the last four days.