Belarus: what to see, holidays in the Republic of Belarus
What to see in Belarus, attractions and places to visit in this nation born from the disintegration of the USSR.
Belarus, whose full name is the Republic of Belarus or Belarus, is commonly also called White Russia, is a country in Eastern Europe bordering Poland, Lithuania, Russia, Ukraine and Latvia, with no access to the sea but with several rivers navigable. This state became independent after the disintegration of the USSR, the former Soviet Union in 1991. Extensive plains, picturesque villages, ancient castles and monasteries, deep forests, scenic landscapes, and thousands of lakes await nature lovers, culture enthusiasts and sports fans. A third of the Belarusian territory is covered by forests with the presence in particular of birches, oaks, maples and pines, with a diverse fauna that includes European bison, elk and deer, wild boars, wolves, bears, foxes, beavers and lynx, along with many species of birds. Belarus also has a unique history with a rich cultural heritage that includes hundreds of architectural monuments dating back to the 12th century.
What to see in Belarus
In the nature of Belavezha Wood you can see rare animals such as bison, bears and wolves, live in their natural habitat. In the nature reserve Berezinsky, which stretches from the source of the Berezina in Palik lake, scenic trails are also virgin forests, swamps, deep rivers, fauna and flora, dominate this unique region that was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site .
Natural park located in the surrounding countryside Brest, where time seems to have stood for hundreds of years, with plenty of trees and bison that roam the area. There are over 60 types of animals and 900 species of plants.
Braslav Lake District
The District of Lake Braslav, located in the north and northeast of the country, near the borders of Lithuania and Latvia, is ideal for holiday boat. Many of the 30 lakes, situated in a picturesque forest, are connected by waterways. Along the shore of the lake are small dachas, typical country houses, where to find accommodation for a holiday.
One of the highlights of Brest is a tour of the fortress, fortification used during the Second World War to repel the German forces. Inside the fortress is a museum with historical documents in addition to the exhibits in the Museum of History and Archaeology. In the town there is also a famous puppet theater, whose performances worth attending, and the elegant White Tower, Belaya Vezha, of the 14th century.
For fans of cross country skiing, there are excellent cross Raubichy in the Olympic Sports Complex, about 22 km from Minsk, but for lovers of alpine skiing, there are two modern stations, and Logoysk Silichy, located 30 km from Minsk. Very popular skating.
Dudutki Museum of Material Culture
The Museum of Material Culture Dudutki is located 40 km from the capital Minsk and is the only private museum in Belarus dedicated to the exhibition of handicrafts and traditional ways of life.
Fifth city, in order of magnitude, Belarus, Grodno the main places to visit are the center of the Old City, the Church Kalozh and the Old Castle.
The memorial of Khatyn commemorates its destruction by the German army during World War II.
The onion domes of Russian Orthodox churches dominate the landscape around the country, but especially around Logoysk, 40km from Minsk, Krasnoe, 60km from Minsk, and Molodechno, 80km from Minsk.
Minsk, capital of Belarus situated 340 km northeast of Warsaw and 120 km south-east of Vilnius, is a city of ancient origins that date back to the 11th century but of that there’s nothing left because of the destruction that occurred during the bombings of World War II. The oldest buildings are from the 17th century. The reconstructed Minsk is designed symmetrically, with large dams along the river Svisloch.
Not far from Raubichi lies the idyllic Lake Minsk, dotted with numerous small islands and surrounded by a thick pine forest.
The cultural scene in Minsk is very diverse, with different types of museums including the National Museum of Belarusian History and Culture, the National Museum of the Arts, the Museum of the History of the Great Patriotic War and the Museum of ancient Belarusian culture.
Located 120 km from Minsk, Mir is a small town where you can see the Jewish cemetery and the Mir Castle of the 15th century, Unesco World Heritage site.
Museum of Folk Architecture
The Museum of Folk Architecture is Ozerto, about 15km / from Minsk, in it are exposed original pieces of secular buildings from different regions of Belarus.
In Belarus in the 13th century, Novogrudok was the capital of the Great Principality of Lithuania, with the castle of the 14th century, birthplace of Adam Mitskevich, the great poet of Belarus.
Pinsk, south of Minsk at a distance of 300 km, is the second largest city in the Brest region, with a large variety of historical, architectural and cultural. To see the Belarusian Polesye, a low ground water and mists.
The center of Christianity during the time of Kievan Rus, the first Russian state, lived in Slavic city of Polotsk, the oldest of the Belarusian cities founded in 862. An excellent example of the architecture of the period is the Church of St. Sophia of the eleventh century. You should also visit the two nearby castles, San Efrosinia of Polotsk, the convent of the 12th century, and the Monastery of the Epiphany of the 17th century.
At about 22 km from the capital Minsk is the picturesque village of Raubichi, with an interesting ethnographic museum housed in a former church.
This village is characterized by houses from the 19th century with colorful facades along roads. Also there are wonderful examples of Baroque architecture, such as the Cathedral of the Holy Spirit, 1642, the Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul, 1613, and the Mariinsky Cathedral, rebuilt respecting its original appearance.
For tourists in search of political history, the village of Viskouli represents the place where the leaders of Belarus, Russia and Ukraine signed the famous agreement which provided for the final disintegration of the Soviet Union.
Vitebsk, located 270 km from Minsk, is the birthplace of the painter Marc Chagall where there is a cultural center and a museum.
The village of Zhirovitsa, 190 km from Minsk, is renowned for the beautiful Monastery of the Assumption of the 15th century. The complex includes a monastery and a theological seminary built between the 17th and the 18th century.