Berlin: what to see, itinerary and attractions to visit
What to see in Berlin, itinerary with the major tourist attractions to visit in the capital of Germany.
Travel Guide Berlin
Berlin, the capital and seat of government of Germany, is a very important city at the international level, there are cultural and scientific centers of world renown, as well as an important Trade fair. The city is located in eastern Germany, on the banks of the Spree river in the district of Spandau flows into the Havel, another stream that runs through the city.
During its course the form Havel lakes Tegeler See and Grosser Wannsee, while in the southeastern part of the city is Lake Muggel, the largest and most famous, along with the Grosser Wannsee, Berlin. These lakes and beaches offer many opportunities for recreation while traveling to Berlin, as the beautiful region dotted with lakes and woods that is located outside the city, ideal for pleasant trips. Berlin was founded in 1307 with the consolidation of two original nuclei, Berlin, east of the river, and Colln on the island.
The city in 1451 became the residence of the Margrave of Brandenburg, in 1701 was chosen by Frederick, the first king of Prussia, as the capital of the kingdom. In this period was developed the urban layout of the city, were designed two new connecting axes and buildings were built as the Charlottenburg Palace (the largest historic building, remained in Berlin after World War II), and the arsenal ( Zeughaus).
During the reign of Frederick II, in the eighteenth century, the Prussian capital was embellished greatly, arose important buildings such as the Opera, the Royal Library and the University. Were encouraged science, art and culture, and in 1788 began the construction of the famous Brandenburg Gate, the most famous monument in Berlin, became a symbol of German unity. In 1871, Berlin was elected the capital of the German Empire and of William I in 1920, the Great was born in Berlin, with the inglobazione of municipalities and surrounding cities.
This historical phase coincided with an important cultural flowering that saw Berlin, along with Moscow and Paris, becoming one of the capitals to the good life, luxury, culture and entertainment, where they spread the cabaret, meeting places for writers and innovative artists. Followed by the years of the seizure of power by Hitler, the Nazi dictatorship and the Second World War, which resulted in an impressive destruction in the city.
Consequence of this war and the subsequent Cold War between the Soviet bloc and the Western, was the construction of the wall August 13, 1961, which divided into two sectors Berlin. With the collapse of the Wall November 9, 1989, Berlin has once again become the capital of the reunified Germany.
– Brandenburg Gate, which was right behind the wall, in the so-called no man’s land, was reopened in 1989.
– Unter den Linden, the historic avenue of the city where among others the Opera and and overlooked by the imposing palaces of the Hohenzollern.
– Kaiser-Wilhelm Gedachtnis-Kirche (Memorial Church Kaiser Wilhelm), bombed by the British in 1943 was not rebuilt, there are only its ruins to witness the destruction caused by the war. Around it was built, in 1961, a new church.
– Alexanderplaz, an important place in the commercial life of East Berlin.
– Opera House, a modern building dedicated to theater and ballet, located in the area that once corresponded to West Berlin.
– Museum Island is called the northern part of the Spree, in the center of Berlin (Mitte district), where there are many museums of international importance: Altes Museum, the oldest, Neues Museum, exhibits of Egyptian art, Alte Nationalgalerie, which houses works of art of the nineteenth century, Bode Museum, with its original copper dome, where an exhibition of works from the Roman and Byzantine, Pergamon Museum, which houses the Altar of Pergamon.
The Kulturforum complex was built in the fifties and there arise other museums including the Museum of Musical Instruments. Also in Berlin are also an Egyptian museum inside the Neues Museum, the Brohan-Museum, which exhibits works of Art Nouveau and the East Side Gallery, an open air museum consists of graffiti placed along a stretch of the historic Berlin Wall. Those who prefer contemporary art can visit the Hamburger Bahnhof. This area is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
– Potsdamer Platz, Berlin is the heart of the new district and Daimler-Benz, designed by Italian architect Renzo Piano and other architects European, American and Japanese.
– Limitrofa in Berlin is the town of Potsdam, also called the “German Versailles”, for its beautiful parks and palaces, also UNESCO World Heritage Sites, which were the residences of the King of Prussia.