Besancon: what to see in the capital of Franche-Comté


What to see in Besancon, the main city and capital of the Franche-Comté in the department of Doubs, surrounded almost entirely by the river Doubs and beautiful tree-lined streets.

Guide Besançon

Just a few kilometers from the border with Switzerland, Besançon is almost entirely surrounded by the river Doubs, from every corner shines through at least a sign of past glories, now as then is a very lively and in constant development, home to an ancient university. The economic sector sees ranks watch factories, textile and chemical industri.

In ancient times, the name was Vesontio, Caesar was to take over the relevant logistic position in 58 BC At the time of Diocletian was the capital of Maxima Sequanorum, was later converted to Christianity in the third century AD, conquered first by the Burgundians and then by the Franks.

In the tenth century it became part of Upper Burgundy, and later went to Arles. In 1282 he was finally recognized as a republic empire. After ups and downs later, was annexed to France in 1678 and, following the fortification built by Vauban, passed to the role of an important outpost for the defense of the French territory.

What to see in Besançon

Top dominates the fortified town created by Sébastien Vauban, which includes the bio-park, the natural history museum, the Musée Comtois and the museum where they collected testimonies of the sad events that took place during World War II.

Also significant is the Museum of Fine Arts, the Cathedral of St. John and the church of Santa Maria Maddalena. In the bottom of the Grande Rue, heading north, there is the small square overlooked by the houses become famous for being the birthplace of the Lumière brothers, inventors of cinema, and the writers Victor Hugo and Charles Nodier. Even the anarchist philosopher Pierre-Joseph Proudhon was born in Besancon.

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