Bhutan: information travel and holidays, how to get
Trip to Bhutan, things to know to visit, weather conditions, necessary documents, best times to go and how to get there.
Bhutan in brief
- Capital: Thimphu
- Surface area in square kilometers: 46,500
- Population: 695 822
- Religion: Buddhism Drukpa
Where is Bhutan
Bhutan is a state sandwiched between China to the north and India to the south. The country, the size of Switzerland, is located in the eastern part of the Himalayas and is characterized by its high peaks to the north, in the middle of a mountain range that goes from 1,500 to 2,700 meters of altitude above sea level, crossed by valleys flowing rivers rich in water and covered with verdant forests. To the south towards India mountains descend to the plains of Duars, which occupy a small part of Bhutan. The highest peak in the country is the Gangkhar Puensum which reaches 7,570 meters of altitude above sea level. The main rivers of Bhutan are the Puna Tshang Chhu and Drangme Chhu.
The climate of Bhutan is greatly influenced by the diversity of altitude of the area, and can be distinguished in the Alpine mountains over 3,500 meters, temperate between 1,700 and 3,500 meters, tropical below 1,700 meters above sea level. In the summer from June to September, the monsoons bring heavy rainfall, ending in early autumn, when the skies are becoming increasingly clear and warm temperatures. In winter the weather is cold in the regions with higher altitude.
The population of Bhutan is formed mainly by ethnic group bothia, who are descended populations from Tibet and represent half of the total population. The other half is a majority of groups of Indian origin and a minority ethnic group of Nepalese origin.
UTC/GMT +6 hours
Dzongkha is the official language of Bhutan.
The economy of the bhutan is mainly type agricultural, although the country is endowed with various natural resources including forests, mineral reserves and exploitable reservoirs for hydropower generation. Does provide a good source of revenue that the electricity produced in the district of Chukha, is exported to India, the country with which take place almost all trade. The tourism sector is growing, encouraged by the great cultural and environmental heritage of the country.
When to go in Bhutan
The best time to visit Bhutan are the months of October and November. Spring, from March to May, is a very good period to the wide variety of flowering plants.
All tourists (excluding Indian, Bangladeshi and Maldivian passport holders) who wish to travel to Bhutan require a visa and must book their holiday through a Bhutanese tour operator or one of their international partners. The tour operator will take care of Visa arrangements for visitors. A listing of licensed Bhutanese tour operators can be found at the link below.
Calling Code: 00975
Supply electricity in Bhutan is 230 V 50 Hz.
Bhutanese Ngultrum is the official currency in Bhutan.
How to get
To Paro is the international airport of the country, served by the only national airline, Druk Air, which operates connections from airports in Dhaka (Bangladesh), Bagdogra (India), Calcutta (India), Delhi (India) , Gaya (India), Guwahati (India), Kathmandu (Nepal), Bangkok (Thailand). Therefore to reach Bhutan must call at one of the above mentioned airports and then board a flight of Bhutanese national company, which issues the ticket only after approval to an entry.
In southern Bhutan you can enter by land from India and specifically from the border town Phuntsholing.