Bolivia: practical information travel and holidays
Guide Bolivia, useful information and advice to organize holidays in the state of South America.
Bolivia in brief
- Capital: Sucre
- Surface area in square kilometers: 1,098,581
- Population: 10,426,154 (2010)
- Religion: 88% Catholic, Protestant 9%, the remaining refers to seven and religious rituals ancestral pre-Hispanic.
Where is Bolivia
Bolivia is one of South America was not landlocked, bordered by Brazil to the north and east, Paraguay to the southeast, Argentina to the south, Chile and Peru to the west. Its territory consists of two large areas separated by the Andes Cordillera Oriental, which are located to the west of the Plateau and the Western Cordillera, while in the east stretches a great alluvial plain, formed from the Amazon basin to the north, east by immense grasslands or “pampas” (Los Llanos de Moxos and Llanos de Chiquitos) and south-east from the Chaco region, a wild plains covered with low shrubs.
The Amazon basin has a lush tropical forest; The pampas of Los Llanos de Moxos are characterized by savannah and forest with large areas seasonally flooded by the leakage of the rivers; The savanna of the Llanos de Chiquitos is covered by ancient woodland Chiquitano, a part of which has been deforested and used for growing and grazing. In the western part of the country, the area is characterized by the Andean peaks over 6,000 meters high above sea level, including the highest peak of Bolivia, the volcano Sajama (m. 6542), characterized by the presence of mountains and glaciers as the Nevado Illampu (m. 6421) and the Nevado Illimani (m. 6402).
Most of the rivers of Bolivia is a tributary of the Amazon and to a lesser extent of the River Plate. In the northern part of the country, the Mamoré joins the Beni (one of the most important rivers for seaworthiness) and form the Madeira, who was born in Bolivia and then enter Brazil, and is one of the largest tributaries of the Amazon River. In the southern part of Bolivia’s main waterway is the Pilcomayo that falls through the Parana Paraguay and then flow into the Rio de la Plata. To the west, between Bolivia and Peru, is Lake Titicaca at 3,812 meters above sea level, from its southern born the Desaguadero River, which connects to Lake Poopó, collecting along the way many tributaries coming from the Andes.
Climate in Bolivia
Bolivia is located in the southern hemisphere, the winter lasts from May to October (dry season) while the summer from November to April (rainy season). The country is characterized by strong climatic differences, ranging from aridity of the Andean highlands to the frequent rainfall in the eastern part of the Cordillera Oriental. The plateau has a warm climate tempered by altitude, with very low night temperatures in the Andes. The lowlands of the rivers Beni and bream, and the eastern slopes of the Cordillera Oriental are characterized by an equatorial climate, very hot and humid, with abundant rainfall that diminish as you head south.
Population of Bolivia
The Bolivian population is made up of 30% Quechua, Aymara 25%, 30% mestizo and European 15% (largely of Spanish origin).
Time zone Bolivia
In Bolivia, the time zone is five hours behind Italy and 6 hours back when in Italy is in daylight saving time.
Language spoken in Bolivia
The official languages of Bolivia are Aymara, Quechua and Spanish.
Economy of Bolivia
The Bolivian economy is very poor despite the country can count on abundant natural resources, a large variety of natural ecosystems and on a low population density. Bolivia is rich in minerals, oil, gas and forests, but the livelihood of the population is largely from farming. Considering that most of the lands are in the hands of foreign companies and landowners, many families are forced to go to the suburbs of major cities and often live in difficult conditions.
When you go to Bolivia
The best time to visit Bolivia is from June to October during the dry season, which coincides with the austral winter.
Documents required for travel in Bolivia
Italian citizens to enter Bolivia need a passport valid for at least six months from the date of entry into the country. The entry visa is not necessary as the arrival is issued a tourist card that allows a stay of 90 days.
The international code for calls in Bolivia is: 00591
The electric current in Bolivia is 220 V 50Hz. In La Paz and Viacha the voltage is 115V. The plugs are type A (Use 2-pole) and C (European 2-pin). E ‘advisable to bring a power adapter and sockets.
Money and credit card Bolivia
The official currency of Bolivia is the Bolivian. And ‘possible to make ATM withdrawals at the banks of the larger cities. The major credit cards are utlizzabili in major centers.
Vaccinations required for Bolivia
To enter Bolivia anyone from a country at risk of yellow fever transmission must be in possession of the certificate of vaccination relative. Vaccination against yellow fever is still recommended for those visiting the areas at risk of Dp.ti of Beni and Cochabamba, Santa Cruz and the sub-tropical area of the province of La Paz, excluding the city of La Paz and Sucre . The risk of malaria exists throughout the year below 2500 meters in the following departments: Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz, Tarija. There is no risk in the city of La Paz. Other recommended vaccinations are hepatitis A and B, typhoid and tetanus. Also you should follow some precautions toilet, drink only bottled water without adding ice, eat only cooked meats and vegetables, fruit only if peeled yourself. Before departure is recommended taking out medical insurance to cover medical expenses and a possible repatriation.