Guide Botswana, practical information and tips for trips and vacations in the state in southern Africa.
Botswana in brief
- Capital: Gaborone
- Surface area in sq km: 581 726
- Population: 2,006,945
- Religion: mostly animists, followed by Protestants and Catholics, in addition to a small minority of Muslims.
Botswana is a country in Southern Africa, bordered to the south and southeast with South Africa, to the north and west with Namibia, Zambia to the north, north-east with Zimbabwe, has no access to the sea. The territory of Botswana, formed by a large plateau covered by savannas, is occupied mostly by the Kalahari Desert which is located in the south and west of the country. At the north-western border of the Kalahari are the Tsodilo Hills, an area where the expanse of savannah rise four isolated hills. The historic site, is considered a place of worship and ancestral spirits, is very old and is characterized by about 4,000 rock paintings, made in the past by the Bushmen. The northwestern part of Botswana is also characterized by the Okavango River, which flows from Angola to the south-east, dispersing their water into the sand of the Kalahari through a network of channels, thus forming a floodplain that gives life to a extraordinary ecosystem.
The major rivers of Botswana, in addition to the Okavango River with its vast inland delta, are the Limpopo and Shashe rivers, which run along the eastern borders with South Africa and Zimbabwe, and the Chobe River that is born in Angola and marks the border with Namibia before flowing into the Zambezi. On the Chobe River overlooking the park of the same name, in the northwest of the country, famous for the variety of vegetation and wildlife, particularly elephants, many who live in this place. In the southern part of Botswana there are no rivers of abiding flow.
The climate of Botswana is tropical, characterized by little rainfall in the north and southeast, while desert southwest. The seasons are divided into cool season, hot, rainy, post-rains. The fresh and dry season runs from mid-May to mid-August, with daytime temperatures around 19/25 ° C and minimum temperatures around 1/8 ° C. Between mid-August and September temperatures begin to rise to arrive in late October and early November (end of November in the south) to a maximum of 29 ° C and 34 ° C. From mid-November to mid-March (in the south from late November to early March) is the rainy season, which reaches its peak in January. From mid-March to mid-May or so, you will gradually restore the dry winds and fresh, and the time it becomes increasingly clear with maximum temperatures between 24 ° C and 31 ° C.
The majority of the population belongs to the Bantu ethnic group of Tswana, then there are minorities of other Bantu ethnic groups, as well as Khoisan ethnic group, whites and mulattos.
UTC/GMT +2 hours
English and Tswana are the official languages in Botswana.
After independence from the UK in 1966, Botswana has enjoyed significant economic growth, which allowed him to transform itself from one of the poorest countries in Africa, in a middle-income country, according to the international classification of economies in developing. The country can count on a good institutional situation and a prosperous economy, however, there is a strong inequality in the distribution of wealth, and about half of the population lives below the poverty line, due to high unemployment, shortages qualified human resources, and especially for the AIDS epidemic. The main wealth of Botswana are the huge deposits of diamonds, which are the basis of the economic structure of the country.
Botswana when to go
The best time to visit Botswana is one that runs from May to September.
In these months the weather is clear and sunny day, while at night the temperature drops considerably. It is also easier to spot animals, because they are not very away from the pools of water.
Passports valid for at least 6 months from the date of departure.
Visas may be required depending on the nationality of your passport.
Calling Code is 00267
Electricity Supply: 220 V 50 Hz
Pula is the official currency of Botswana.