Bratislava: what to see in the capital of Slovakia
What to see in Bratislava, itinerary of places to visit including the main attractions, from the castle to the church blue.
Bratislava travel guide
Bratislava is the capital of the Slovak Republic and the regional capital of the same name. The city is located not far from the borders with Austria and Hungary, and lies at the foot of the Little Carpathians, on the left bank of the Danube. The name Bratislava, assigned after the first world war, in lieu of Pressburg, shows that in the past, different cultures have marked this city. Since the days of the Great Moravia Bratislava castle was an important center. In the tenth century the city became part of Hungary, and in 1405 was promoted to the free royal city, he began to grow in terms of cultural and economic.
So in 1467 the king Matthias Corvinus founded the university called Universitas Istropolitana, and even if this institution closed immediately after his death, the episode reveals the importance of the city in the Kingdom of Hungary, as its capital and coronation city until 1835. In the period in which the Hungarians recognized as the Habsburg royal family, Bratislava was embellished further with the construction of new buildings, roads and monasteries. After World War I it became part of Czechoslovakia and became the capital of the Slovak Republic from 1939 to 1945. From 1945 to 1992 the city was subject to Soviet control. Since 1993 is the capital of the Slovak Republic.
What to see in Bratislava in a day
From the attractive old town, full of baroque palaces and stately mansions of the Austro-Hungarian imperial court, you enter the castle, situated on a hill overlooking the Danube fume, which houses the Slovak National Museum, which exhibits collections relating to the history and music. From St. Michael’s Gate, the only door that remained was once part of the walls, you enter on Michalska Street, one of the main streets of the Old Town Stare Mesto, to arrive at the Church of San Martino, city cathedral, where for over two and a half centuries have occurred coronations of kings of Hungary. On the main square Hlavné Namesti, overlooking the old town hall, while the current seat of the municipality is in the Primate’s Palace.
In neoclassical style, this building is considered the most representative building of the city. In the famous Hall of Mirrors, was signed the Peace of Pressburg between the Habsburg Empire and France after the battle of Austerlitz won by Napoleon. In boardrooms are shown a series of English tapestries. Very particular the church of St. Elizabeth, nicknamed church blue, the color that distinguishes it, a Catholic place of worship that is located in the old city.