Calcutta: travel and what to see in the city of Mother Teresa
Useful for a trip to Calcutta, with the presentation of a detailed tour itinerary, including the main places of interest to visit and attractions not to be missed.
Calcutta, India and the capital city of the federal state of West Bengal, is located on the east bank of the Hooghly River. Former capital of British India, the city is called Calcutta, although in January 2001 was renamed Kolkata. If Mumbai, formerly Bombay, is the financial center of India, Delhi the seat of government, Calcutta has the role of cultural capital of the country, for being the birthplace of famous people such as the winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature Rabindranath Tagore and the famous director Satyajit Ray.
We must not forget the Blessed Mother Teresa of Calcutta, who played in this great city its mission in the service of the poorest. It is one of the most densely populated cities in the world, where live slums, so much poverty and a chaotic traffic, next to hotels and luxury boutiques.
What to see in Calcutta
It’s located in a building dating back to 1875, and is the main museum in the city, with several galleries devoted to archeology, art, anthropology, geology,
zoology and botany, as well as an important collection of Buddhist art, valuable paintings, an Egyptian mummy and a reproduction of the Gateway Barhut, dating from the second century BC
It’s an important pilgrimage center for Hindus. The legend says that when the corpse of Sati, wife of Shiva, was cut into pieces by Sidarshan Chakra, one of his fingers fell here. In the morning, the temple is cut the throat of some goats to satisfy the bloodlust of the goddess.
Once known as Dalhousie Square, is a cross-section of the colonial history of the country. On the north side is the Writers’ Building which houses the Secretariat of the Government of West Bengal and on the south side there is Raj Bhavan, the residence of the Governor of West Bengal.
The temple is dedicated to Bhavatarini, an aspect of Kali, and was built in 1847. In the courtyard there are also 12 smaller temples dedicated to Shiva, Radha and Krishna.
Ramakrishna Temple, Belur Math
It was founded in 1899 by one of the disciples of the Indian philosopher Ramakrishnan, who preached the unity of all religions. The center summarizes the architectural styles of Christianity, Islam and Hinduism.
St Paul’s Cathedral
It’s one of the main places of worship of Christianity in India dedicated to St. Paul, was built between 1839 and 1847, due to earthquakes later rebuilt several times. Modeled on St Martin-in-the-Fields in London, is known for its beautiful stained glass windows.
It’s a huge park that is home to the Victoria Memorial, Fort William, the Eden Gardens, and the International Cricket Stadium Ranji Stadium, home of the nation’s largest sporting passion.
It’s one of the major landmarks of the city, is a large colonial building in white marble of classical architecture with European influences Mughul, located at the southern end of the Maidan, has a large collection of historical objects Anglo-Indians.
In the past it was a private home built in the mid-nineteenth century. This extraordinary building has a wonderful collection of statues, paintings and antiques from the private collection of Raja Rajendra Mullick, including paintings by Rubens and Joshua Reynolds. To visit it you need the permission of the West Bengal Tourism Centre.
Park Street Cemetery
It’s a monumental cemetery which includes a large number of graves of British.
It’s near Mother Teresa’s House.