Canada holidays and useful guide for the journey
Guide Canada, useful information for the journey with all the things to know to organize holidays in the state of North America.
Canada in brief
- Capital: Ottawa
- Surface area in square kilometers: 9970610
- Population: 33 million (first half 2006)
- Religion: Catholic and Protestant
Where is Canada
Canada is wet to the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean and to the west by the Pacific Ocean. Bordered to the northwest by Alaska (United States) and to the south with the United States. Canada is the second largest state of the world after Russia with its 10 million square kilometers. However, due to the high latitude, its territory is cultivated only minimally with a considerable extension of forests.
Geography and territory of Canada
In Canada we can distinguish five major regions:
The Canadian Shield
A vast region (almost half of the Canadian territory) that extends from the Arctic Ocean (and most of the Arctic islands) to the Great Lakes region, bounded on the east by the estuary of the St. Lawrence River, west of the Rocky Mountains, has centered on the Hudson Bay. It ‘a region of ancient origin, the Ice Age stretched in this region a large glacier, and is formed by lakes and scattered by a succession of little hills high, rounded by glacial erosion.
The Appalachian region
Overlooking the Atlantic Ocean and includes the northern foothills of the Appalachian Mountains, the peninsula of Nova Scotia and the surrounding islands.
The Lowlands of San Lorenzo
Includes the lowlands of the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River Valley. And ‘the most populated area of Canada.
The Region of grasslands
It ‘a great plain that stretches between Lake Superior east and the Rocky Mountains to the west.
The Western Canada
It ‘a mountainous region, overlooking the Pacific Ocean, formed by two parallel chains, among which is enclosed a plateau of medium height.
Proceeding from east to west meet: the chain of the Canadian Rockies with peaks between 3000 to 4000 m., And parallel to the coast, the Coast Range to the north, culminating in the Saint Elias Mountains, where the highest peak in Canada (Mount Logan, 6050 m).
Canada is rich in rivers and lakes, representing a wealth of internal communications and roads as well as energy sources. The rivers that originate from the Rocky Mountains and the Pacific Ocean that are thrown are typically short course. The major river that pays the Arctic Ocean is the Athabasca-Mackenzie.
The most important Canadian river is the St. Lawrence River (emissary of the Great Lakes), flows into the Atlantic Ocean and is together with the Laurentian Lakes (Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, Ontario), along the border with the United States, an important communication route between the Atlantic and the Canadian and US inland.
In this system of reservoirs located at various altitudes above sea level, the Niagara River, which connects Lake Erie to Lake Ontario, form the famous waterfalls, (divided between Canada and the US). In addition to this system of lakes, the largest lakes of Canada are: the Great Bear Lake, the Great Slave Lake and Lake Winnipeg.
In Canada predominate cold climates, with long, harsh winters, except for the southern coastline of the Pacific. The summer period extends proceeding from north to south, while the rainfall decreases proceeding from east to west (from the Atlantic to the Rockies), and then grows again from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean.
The arrangement of the reliefs (from north to south), allowing the masses of cold polar air to descend unhindered; the cold Labrador Current that flows around the east coast and the influence from the icy waters of Hudson Bay, make the temperatures of Canada considerably lower than those of Europe, yet is at the same latitude.
Population of Canada
The majority of Canada’s population lives in the strip of land located along the border with the United States, especially in areas of Toronto and Montreal who enjoy a milder climate, and is formed mainly by the descendants of the first settlers of Britain and France, which are the two ethnic groups stronger. Canadians of French origin living mainly in the province of Quebec.
In addition, the population of European origin is represented by groups of German, Russian, Italian, Dutch, Polish, Greek, Portuguese and Spanish. There are also groups of Asian and African minimally. The original population of Canada is represented by Eskimos and indigenous Indians. Canada is considered one of the most developed states where residents enjoy a better standard of living.
Time zone Canada
The territory of Canada is divided into six time zones.
Compared to Italy
-5h Nova Scotia, New Brunswick
-6h Quebec and Ontario
-7h Manitoba and Saskatchewan
-9h British Columbia
In the summer months comes into daylight saving time.
Spoken language in Canada
The official languages of Canada are English and French.
The economy of Canada is among the most prosperous in the world. Agriculture is widespread in the regions of the southeast, the south and the Pacific coast where the climate is more favorable. The main crop is wheat (of which Canada is among the top global exporters), followed by barley, corn, oats, rye, potatoes, vegetables, fruits, soybeans, sugar beets, canola, flax and tobacco. Significant also breeding (cattle, sheep, pigs, horses as well as poultry) that feeds the dairy industry. Are widespread even herds of animals for fur. In addition, the wealth of forests (fir, cedar, pine, maple and birch), allows Canada to export timber and to produce and export large quantities of paper, pulp and cellulose. Fishing, both marine and freshwater, has a central role.
E ‘in most export-oriented and is linked to the preservation and canning. The mineral and energy resources of the subsoil are various Canadian and abundant. Featured deposits of oil and coal and production of natural gas, uranium, sulfur, potassium salts, asbestos, zinc, lead, iron and almost all other minerals (lack minerals aluminum). There are several oil refineries, chemical, textile, automotive, shipbuilding, to which were added the new technology sectors (electronic, computer, aerospace, biotechnology) and services.
When you go to Canada
In general we can make the following considerations:
– In Canada, the winters are cold, but the big cities are equipped to deal with cold temperatures.
– The months of July and August are hot enough across Canada and attract as many visitors; but also in the fall there is the possibility, for the visitor, to see a show unique and exciting, in the many parks Canadians, when nature is preparing for a winter rest and everything is tinged with a thousand colors and shades.
Documents required for travel to Canada
Italian citizens wishing to visit Canada as tourists must be in possession of a valid passport and air ticket and return or onward journey, you do not need a visa up to 90 days maximum stay. For study or work must request a specific visa offices Canadian Embassy in Rome.
– The international code for calls to Canada is: 001
The electrical current in Canada is 110 volts, so it is necessary to have an adapter.
Money and credit cards Canada
The official currency of Canada is the Canadian dollar. In Canada, credit cards are frequently used as a form of payment.