Canaries holidays information for visiting the archipelago
Tourist guide trip to the Canaries, climate and the best times to go, things to know to spend a holiday in this archipelago of Spain.
Canary in brief
- Capital: Las Palmas, Santa Cruz de Tenerife
- Surface area in square kilometers: 7447 sq km
- Population: 2,000,000 (first half 2007)
- Religion: Catholic
Where are the Canary
The Canary Islands are an archipelago of seven main islands and six smaller islands. In the Atlantic Ocean, off the coast of northwestern Africa, the islands are of volcanic origin and belong to Spain as a politically autonomous community consists of two provinces: Province of Las Palmas and the Province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Tenerife, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, La Palma, La Gomera and El Hierro are the major islands and correspond to the peaks of an underwater volcanic mountain range in the Atlantic Ocean. On the island of Tenerife is the top most high in Spain, the Pico de Teide or Pico de Tenerife, a dormant volcano that reaches 3718 m. altitude. The archipelago of the Canary Islands, along with the Azores, Madeira and Cape Verde, form the Macaronesia ecoregion, which means in greek islands of the blessed, a term used by the ancient Greek geographers to indicate some islands located in the ‘Straits of Gibraltar . Over 40% of the surface of the Canary Islands is protected by national parks or natural, in order to preserve the variety ‘and the natural beauty of the archipelago. On these islands are not flowing rivers and most of the drinking water comes from desalination plants. To highlight the extraordinary transparency of the sky in the Canary Islands, which allows an astronomical observation outstanding fact in these islands are two prestigious observatories in Europe: the Roque de Los Muchachos in La Palma and the Teide on Tenerife.
Climate of the Canaries
The Canary Islands have a subtropical climate, governed by the trade winds, with temperatures that undergo modest seasonal variations. The Azores anticyclone guarantees almost constantly stable weather and little rain, especially in the months from April to September. In winter the average temperatures range from 18 ° to 20 ° C and in summer reaches 26 ° / 27 ° C. Therefore these islands enjoy an ideal climate.
Population of the Canary Islands
The Canary Islands were already inhabited, when, in the early part of the fourteenth century there landed the first Europeans. The men who inhabited these islands were the Guanche, a peaceful people who did not know the navigation and speaking different languages depending on the island of belonging. After a resistance lasted for a century the Guanche were subjected to Spanish rule.
The time zone of the Canary Islands is one hour behind Italy.
Spoken language to the Canary Islands
The official language of the Canaries is Castilian Spanish.
Economy of the Canary Islands
The economy of the Canary Islands is based mainly on tourism, agriculture tropical activity construction and services. The activity ‘mainstay is tourism which is linked to the activities’ building and the services, while agriculture and fishing activities are’ traditional. The crops are favored by ground source vulcania very fertile, but disadvantaged by the shortage ‘of rain. The artificial irrigation outweigh the inconvenience encouraging the cultivation of bananas, tomatoes, avocado, papaya, mango, flowers and ornamental plants, products destinatati export. The Canaries though politically within the European Union, are outside the customs territory.
When to go to the Canaries
Canaries climate is pleasant throughout the year. With regard to the sea water, in particular for swimming, it is better the summer.
Documents required travel Canary
Italian citizens to enter the Canary Islands must be a valid identity card or passport for foreign travel.
Telephone to the Canaries
– The international code for calls to Canaries is: 0034
Electricity to the Canaries
The electric current is 220V 50 Hz. Electric sockets of the European type.
Money and credit cards in the Canaries
In the Canaries the official currency is euro.