Cape Verde: information travel, vacation, things to know

cape verde map
cape verde map

Things to know to travel to Cape Verde, information on the archipelago, climate, necessary documents, best times to go and how to get there.

Cape Verde in brief

  • Capital: Praia (Santiago Island)
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 4,033
  • Population: 420 979 (2006)
  • Religion: Predominantly Catholic

Where is the archipelago of Cape Verde

The African archipelago of Cape Verde consists of 10 islands and 8 islets located in the Atlantic Ocean off Cape Verde, from which it takes its name. These islands of volcanic origin, they differ from each other, both from the point of view of the findings that the vegetation. Most of the islands are mountainous, as the island of Fogo, which reaches 2,829 meters, on top of the volcano Pico do Cano. The islands closer to the coast of Africa are flat and desert, with long stretches of sand, like the island of Sal and Boavista Island.

Cape Verde Islands

The islands are divided into two groups according to the trade winds:

– Islands of Barlovento (windward), to which belong the islands of Santo Antao, Sao Vicente, Santa Luzia, Sao Nicolau, Sal, Boa Vista.
– Islands Sotavento (leeward), which includes the islands of Fogo, Santiago, Brava and Maio.

These islands are an ideal destination for windsurfers and water sports.


The climate of the archipelago of Cape Verde is tropical dry, the average annual temperature fluctuates around 25 ° C and fluctuating temperatures, thanks to the influence of the ocean, do not exceed 10 ° C. In the sea the temperature fluctuates during the months of February / March around 21 ° C and in the months of September / October around 25 ° C. In theory the rainy season covers the months of August, September, October, but in reality there is little rain and the rainfall varies from year to year , from island to island and even from place to place. The archipelago is generally affected by a wind coming from the northeast, which increases in intensity until the month of July. The hot winds coming from the African continent, in general, in January / February.


Following the discovery of the islands of Cape Verde (in 1460), by the Portuguese and the subsequent peopling of the islands, there arose a people resulting from the union of European and African, which bought its own identity and language, which is now the majority of the population, alongside a minority of African and European. The population living abroad is superior to that resident.

Time zone

In Cape Verde must move the clock two hours behind Italy, three hours back when in Italy there is daylight saving time.

Spoken language

The official language of Cape Verde is Portuguese. Widespread the Crioulo, which would be a mixture of Portuguese and African languages.


The drought and the scarce resources of these islands, have pushed the Cape Verdeans to emigrate abroad, who send remittances to family members residing in the archipelago. This revenue of money, along with humanitarian aid, constitute a very important source for the country’s economy. Agriculture is very influenced by the amount of rainfall, is based on the cultivation of corn, squash, beans, sweet potato and cassava. Fishing can count on a very rich sea and creates a trade of subsistence as well as providing food to many Cape Verdeans. The intensive exploitation of the sea is reserved by the government, to Japanese and European, in exchange for money. Are increasing the number of tourists, thanks to the investments of foreigners, attracted by the incentives provided by the laws of the government of Cape Verde.

When to go to Cape Verde, the best times

A characteristic of these islands is the presence of the wind, blowing regardless of seasons. The best months to visit Cape Verde are from April to June.

Travel Cape Verde: necessary documents

To get to Cape Verde passport is required and valid entry visas issued by the Embassy of Cape Verde in Rome or the Honorary Consulates of Turin, Florence, Palermo and Naples.

Telephone in Cape Verde

– The international code for calls from Italy to Cape Verde is: 00238
– The international code to call from Cape Verde in Italy is: 0039
– The GSM phones work if enabled international roaming
– The costs of telephone calls (landline and mobile) are high

There are internet cafes, where you can connect to the internet and phone at affordable prices.


The electric current is 220 volts.

Money and Credit

The official currency of Cape Verde is the Cape Verdean escudo (CV esc). For payments to be made in the island of Sal and Boavista island often the euro are normally accepted, while the other islands serve the escudos. In Italy you can not change the euro in escudos (and vice versa), if necessary should change them to the bank “Caixa Economica de Cabo Verde” located in the islands: Sal, Santiago, Sao Vicente, Santo Antao and Fogo, because, unlike the other banks can not keep exchange fees. ATMs are not usable. You can get at the banks, a commission rather high, a cash advance on your credit card Visa and often with Master Card (the only accepted). It ‘not recommended the use of ATMs, for the problems that may arise, if the machine does not return the card.

Holidays Cape Verde: how to get

A Sal (Sal island) and Praia (Santiago Island) there are two international airports in Cape Verde (flights from Italy always come to Sal). TAP, the Portuguese national airline, offers flights from some Italian airports via Lisbon to Cape Verde. TACV Cabo Verde Airlines, the national airline of Cape Verde, operates through flights in code-sharing and making reservations relies only to intermediation tourist. The company Neos offers charter flights from Milan Malpensa, Bologna, Verona and Rome to Cape Verde.


To go to Cape Verde there is no required compulsory vaccination. Vaccination against yellow fever is required only to those coming from infected air. However they are recommended vaccinations against hepatitis A and B and typhoid. It is recommended to drink only bottled water without the addition of ice and not to eat raw vegetables. It ‘good to take out health insurance before departure.