Cefalu, what to see in the ancient town of Sicily
Visit Cefalu is a delightful experience for every tourist who is to pass along this stretch of coast where the cliff overlooking the sea as a backdrop to the picturesque Sicilian town.
The wonderful contrast between rock and sea characterizes the position of the ancient Cephaloedium, name probably derived from the particular form of the human head in recognizable promontory where today stands the Cefalu.
The city experienced various dominations, starting from the Greeks, which was followed by the Romans, the Byzantines and the Normans, who made it, the latter, an independent diocese, bringing the significant aesthetic improvements.
Of this glorious past can be seen the remains of the fortifications located near the coast, in addition to the regular layout of the streets, that betrays a strong medieval imprint, and the beautiful Norman cathedral.
The cosruzione the Cathedral, considered a full one of the most beautiful of Sicily, was built by Roger II, who had started in 1131, work continued for the whole century.
Externally, the Church has a high transept and three apses with arches and blind arches, placed at the top, with the background of the rock face of the cliff.
Via Mandralisca, the road that lies in front of the Cathedral, leads to the Museo Mandralisca, so named because it contains material of various kinds which Baron Enrico Piraino of Mandralisca had gathered.
This museum contains an archaeological section, with prehistoric tools and Greek vases, a science section, including a collection of over twenty thousand shells, a well-stocked coin collection that counts, in addition to the coins minted by the Mint of Cefalu, those of the major cities of the ancient Sicily .
Noteworthy is also the Art Gallery, which is also housed in the museum, which collects various works, including the Portrait of an Unknown Man, Antonio da Messina, and works by other major artists such as Dionisio Calvaert, Francesco Mieris, Domenico Fetti and Antonello De Saliba.