Chicago: what to see in the capital of Illinois
What to see in Chicago, history, attractions and monuments, with itinerary of places of interest to visit, including the great lake, parks, shops, skyscrapers, neighborhoods, historic houses and breathtaking views from the top.
Chicago travel guide
The city of Chicago is in the US state of Illinois, in the Midwestern United States. Located on the western shore of Lake Michigan, the only one of the big five Laurentian lakes of North America to be fully understood in the territory of the United States.
Chicago is the third largest city by population in the US, a multi-ethnic metropolis that was able to manage themselves and renew itself over time, an important industrial, financial and cultural. Significant its architectural heritage marked by some of the tallest buildings in the world.
The city’s origins date back to the first part of 1800 when, with the Treaty of Greenville, the native population of the area, the Potawatomi, was forced to cede its territory to the United States government. In 1833 the Town Hall was founded in 1848 and was inaugurated an important waterway, the ‘Illinois and Michigan Canal, which connected Lake Michigan to the Illinois River tributary of the Mississippi, while for the land routes were built many railways.
These works I will contribute greatly to the development of trade and the expansion of the city. Chicago was in a strategic position, the point of union between the Atlantic area of New York and the great central plains of the Mississippi and soon became a thriving place for trade of agricultural and livestock products, as well as major industrial center for processing and preservation of meat. All this thanks to people from all over the world, who moved in these lands and created this attractive city. In the second half of the twentieth century, with the entry into the crisis of the traditional economy, the people of Chicago were able to adapt to change moving towards an economy based on services.
In Chicago there is a bag of wheat more important than the United States, the second stock exchange in the United States, after New York. The loop is the financial, commercial, cultural and political center of Chicago. And ‘surrounded by an elevated rail from which it is named and characterized by extraordinary works of modern architecture, including high-rise buildings of great architectural interest and sculptures by famous artists.
What to see in Chicago
Lake Michigan: large size, is a glacial lake in the Great Lakes region, the Straits of Mackinac connecting it to Lake Huron. There you can perform various activities, including fishing and windsurfing, walking along its banks on foot or bike, sunbathe on the beaches during the summer.
Millennium Park is the largest green area of the city, much frequented by the residents to relax and breathe fresh air. And ‘the place exhibition of works of art and modern architecture, including Cloud Gate, Crown Fountain, Lurie Garden and the Jay Pritzker Pavilion. The Cloud Gate sculpture is famous for its particular size, with over 100 tons of steel, by the artist Anish Kapoor.
Michigan Avenue is the street of shops dedicated to big brands, which starts from Millennium Park. The same avenue is lined with buildings that are considered among the finest in the city, including the Wrigley Building, John Hancock Observatory, Water Tower and Chicago Tribune.
The Rookery is a vintage commercial building, built in 1888 by architects Daniel Burnham and John Root, finely decorated.
John Hancock Center is the building where it is one of the highest bar in the world where you can enjoy a wonderful panoramic view of Chicago from the top.
Lincoln Park Zoo is the city zoo with free admission.
Willis Tower is one of the tallest skyscrapers in the city where you can experience the sensation of walking suspended in space, moving above the floor of the glass balconies on the top floor seats to 396 meters high.
Michigan Avenue Bridge is the main mobile bridge of the city, with the function of connecting the south to the north and to the great parks.
Andersonville is a neighborhood located in the area north of the city, on the shores of Lake Michigan. In the past it was a simple fishing village, created by a community of Swedes moved here, today has become the reference point for the gay and lesbian community of Chicago.
Buckingham Fountain is one of the most evocative of the city fountains, designed by French architect Jacques Lambert following model as the Fontaine de Latona in the gardens of Versailles, at the behest of Kate Buckingham in memory of his brother Clarence Buckingham.