China holidays guide with useful travel, things to know

china map
china map

Tourist guide trip to China, things to know to visit the Republic of China, practical information, climate, best times to go, and how to get the necessary documents.

China in brief

  • Capital: Beijing
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 9536499
  • Population: 1,336,317,121
  • Religion: Officially atheist religions are: Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Christianity.

Where is China

The Republic of China is bordered to the north by the People’s Republic of the Soviet Union and Mongolia, northeast with North Korea, to the south with Vietnam, Laos and Burma, southwest with Bhutan, Nepal and India, west Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, northwest Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. To the east and south east is washed by the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea and the southern. They are part of China’s more than 3,000 islands scattered in the South China Sea (the largest is the island of Hainan). The Chinese territory is mostly mountainous; the western and northern part of the country is made up of three regions: Tibet, Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia. The Tibet is a vast plateau situated at over 4000 meters above sea level, bounded by two major mountain ranges, the Himalayas to the south and the north Astyn Tagh. The plateaus of Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia are lower Tibet. Sinkiang is formed by two depressions: that of the Tarim and further north than the Zungaria (it was in past centuries the gateway to China, passed here the famous “Silk Road”). Between the two depressions rises the chain of Tien Shan Mountains with peaks over 7000 meters above sea level. To the east of Xinjiang plateau of Inner Mongolia (1000/1500 m. Above sea level) ends in the east with the mountains of the Great Khingan, overlooking the plains of Manchuria, in the southern prairies and north borders with the vast desert Taklimakan. North East China and Eastern Europe includes the large and fertile plain of the Yellow River (Huang I) and the plains of Manchuria, while in the southern plains fertile and rich in water are interspersed with long ridges of hills.

Hydrography

In the highland Tibet born rivers Yangtze kiang (blue river), China’s largest waterway, the river Huang ho (Yellow River) and also of the Indian Peninsula rivers (Indus, Brahmaputra) and the Indochinese (Mekong, Salween River). The Amur River marks for a long stretch the border between China and the Soviet Republic. The Sikiang is another great river of China and is navigable for some distance. The Tarim River flows through the Sinkiang from west to east and then get lost in the desert of Lop Nor, in fact many rivers of western China because of strong dryness pour in basins where their waters evaporate or seep into the ground. Alongside the rivers are to remember the most important lakes: Poyang Hu, Hu Tungting, Hungtze Hu and between the salt lakes Lake Ching Hai.

Climate

The presence of the reliefs of Central Asia (in particular the Himalayas), its location (eastern end of the vast continent of Asia), the comeback of the summer monsoon up to high latitude, are among the factors that influence the remarkable variety of climatic vast land of China, which can be classified as: The climate of Manchuria and eastern regions is temperate cold. The winters are harsh and hot summers with rainfall concentrated in the summer months. Further south you go to a sub tropical climate (tropical in the south), with little seasonal temperature; the summer monsoon and bring rains in autumn the coasts of South China Sea are often hit by typhoons. The northern and western China has an arid climate, rainfall is scarce, the winters are cold and summers are very hot, because ‘the action of the southern summer monsoon, deflected by mountain barriers (especially the Himalayas), investing only marginally interior regions that remain free of the effects of marine influences.

Population

Chinese population is represented by one ethnicity varied; over 92% are ethnic Han, the remaining 8% are 55 other officially recognized ethnic groups.

Time zone

UTC/GMT +8 hours
No changes – UTC +8 hours all of the period.

Language

Chinese is the official language of China.

Economy

China is experiencing a period of significant economic growth thanks to the increase in exports and investment, public and private. The country can count on a labor reserve represented by a large number of active workers, but must still overcome the major problem of social inequalities present in the population, especially the difference in income between the people of the cities and the countryside. In addition, the country is faced with various environmental issues, including the degradation of natural resources caused by the model of economic development undertaken. The agricultural sector while having access to a cultivable area not very large (ca. 10% of the territory) occupies a large part of the population. The main agricultural products are rice, wheat, oats, sugar cane, tobacco, cotton, tea. Other resources are breeding (pigs, poultry, birds) and fishing. China is very rich in mineral resources. To highlight the reserves of coal, oil and gas and various metal resources besides hydroelectric potential. In industry heavy industry that once was the leading sector of the economy in recent decades has given way to the light. The heavy industry that focuses mainly in the north east of the country is in mining, metallurgy, steel and chemical. Among the areas of light industries include textiles, clothing, pharmaceuticals and electronics.

When you go to China

For the vastness of China’s territory is difficult to indicate the best time to visit the country. In general we recommend the spring and autumn months, in order to avoid the severe winter in the north and the abundant summer rainfall in the south. To visit the regions of Tibet and Mongolia is preferred summer. In central and southern China, especially in the Yangtze River basin, in summer with increased precipitation may occur floods. Note that in coincidence of national holidays, especially the Chinese New Year (or Spring Festival), which falls between January and February, it is difficult to move, and almost all services are closed.

Travel documents

– Passport valid for at least six months after the expiry date of your visa.
– Entry Visa needs.

Phone

Calling code: 0086

Electricity

Electricity supply: 220 V 50 Hz.

Currency

The renminbi is the official currency of the Republic of China.

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