Cilento tourism: what to see in the national park
What to see in Cilento, attractions and places to visit in the national park which covers an area of over 180 thousand hectares in the province of Salerno.
The National Park of Cilento, a natural area among the most important in southern Italy, covers an area of over 180 thousand hectares. This large and varied territory extends from the Tyrrhenian coast to the Apennines of Campania and Lucania, ranging from the rugged cliffs and long beaches to the hills and peaks of Alburni, Cervati and Gelbison, including the archaeological sites of Paestum and Velia Padula, who are part of the World Heritage Site, and many other beautiful places and archaeological sites, as well as natural environments particularly interesting for the flora and fauna that characterize them.
The archaeological site is located about 10 kilometers from the mouth of the river Sele, in the eastern part of the Gulf of Salerno. In the rich archaeological area stand out the three magnificent temples dedicated to Athena, Hera and Neptune, also called Poseidonion, taking us back to ancient Greece, as the city was a thriving Greek colony founded around 600 BC with the name of Poseidon, which means city scacra sea god Poseidon. The impressive and well-preserved Temple of Neptune, which recent studies consider dedicated to Apollo, is considered the ultimate expression of Doric western. The local museum houses a major collection of artifacts from the area of Paestum, mainly funerary objects found in the necropolis Greek and Lucan. Among the findings are the most famous painted slabs from the Tomb of the Diver, precious testimony of Greek painting.
Places to visit in the Cilento
And ‘the Latin name of the ancient Greek colony of Elea, founded in the second half of the sixth century BC, by Focei from Asia Minor. The archaeological site is located in the municipality of Ascea. In ancient times it was a very dynamic economic and cultural center, birthplace of the philosopher Zeno and his master, Parmenides, that
founded his school, called just Eleatic, a school of philosophy that influenced greatly on philosophies later. Elea was also home to a major medical school. The excavations have uncovered many remains of the ancient city, including the Acropolis and grandiose Pink Door, admirable example of Greek architecture.
The Charterhouse, dedicated to San Lorenzo, is an architectural complex that surprises for its grandeur and beauty, is located in Padula in the Vallo di Diano. Construction was founded in 1306 by Thomas Sanseverino of an ancient monastery already dedicated to San Lorenzo and is a valuable example of monasticism in Italy and Europe. Today it houses the Provincial Archaeology Museum of Western Lucania.
Borgo di Castellabbate
The picturesque medieval village of Castellabate, which stands on the hill Sant’Angelo southern end of the Gulf of Salerno, is ranked among the most beautiful villages in Italy and is worth a visit.