Cologne: what to see and do, tourist route, attractions

cologne photo by night
cologne photo by night

What to see in Cologne, German cities rich in history, itinerary to visit the Cathedral with the relics of the Three Kings.

Attractions Cologne

Cologne is located in the Land of North Rhine-Westphalia, on the banks of the Rhine River, the topography of the town reveals the Roman origins of the first nucleus of the city that grew up in the Middle Ages on the left bank of the Rhine. In the second half of the nineteenth century there was further urban development that incorporated many neighboring towns, were separated from the historic core by a strip of green.

In 1881 the medieval walls were demolished and built a large crescent Deutscher Ring, beyond which was built the new city. The part of the city which is located on the right bank of the Rhine was built starting in 1888. The city was rebuilt in a few years after the air raids of World War II who had almost totally destroyed.

Cologne recovered so its important economic role, which he held since the days of the Hanseatic League, and regained its place as the cultural center of primary importance with the famous University founded in 1388, the seat of the Archbishop and many cultural institutions.

Tourist route Cologne

Cologne Cathedral
Its great cathedral was named a World Heritage site and is among the most famous monuments of Germany. It ‘a Catholic church in the Gothic style, whose construction lasted more than 600 years, having started in 1248 and finished in 1880. It was built to house the relics of the Magi brought to Milan by Emperor Frederick Barbarossa and stored in the Ark of the Kings Magi, prestigious work of art dating from the thirteenth century, which is located behind the main altar.

Basilica of Santa Maria in the Capitol
This basilica, in Romanesque style, has three naves with arches on pillars and three apses equal enclosed by an ambulatory entered as a continuation of the aisles. Inside the church are works of art of relief including the wooden doors, dating back to 1060, the Madonna of Limburg, of the thirteenth century, an ancient cross glazed, the pulpit of 1523 and the altar, at the side which includes a shovel of the sixteenth century by a pupil of Hans Baldung.

Basilica of St. Gereon
And ‘the oldest church in the city, with an interesting exterior marked by two square towers on either side of the chancel. There are other four towers in the shape of cylinder with the support function of the nave. To compensate for the lack of towers in some points of the structure are inserted flying buttresses to support the weight. As for the interior, multi-level, stand out various types of windows, some with stained glass, others with iron bars and worked very Gothic.

Church of Corpus Christi
The exterior of this building features a beautiful façade flanked by two towers of octagonal shape, with slate roof topped by a lantern with wrought iron cross on its top. On the inside the church has a single nave, echoing the classic model of the Venetian churches a nave dating back to the seventeenth century. To admire the wooden pulpit and the Madonna and Child, a statue of fine workmanship.

Chocolate museum Imhoff
This museum is named after the founder Hans Imhoff. Dedicated to chocolate, is divided into a section where you are shown the history of cocoa, starting from Maya to this day, a greenhouse with exposed cocoa plants and a production facility faithfully reproduced to scale.

Museum Ludwig
Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, was founded in 1976 by Peter Ludwig and is located close to the Duomo and the central train station.

Romisch Germanisches Museum
It was built around a mosaic depicting various scenes from the life of Dionysus. It is thought that it was part of a housing complex of Roman III sec.

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