Costa Rica: useful travel, weather, when to go

Costa Rica travel guide with all the things to know to organize your holidays in this state of Central America.

Costa Rica in brief

  • Capital: San Jose
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 51,100
  • Population: 4,467,626 (2007)
  • Religion: Catholic

Where is Costa Rica

The Republic of Costa Rica is a country in Central America, bordered to the north by Nicaragua, southeast with Panama, is washed by the Caribbean Sea to the east, west and southwest by the Pacific Ocean. flag costa rica The territory is crossed by the Cordillera de Guanacaste, the Cordillera Central and the Cordillera de Talamanca. The higher elevations are reached by Colle Chirripo ‘(m. 3820) and the Irazu volcano (m. 3432). In the Cordillera Central and Guanacaste are imposing and spectacular volcanoes, such as the Poas, Arenal, the Rincón de la Vieja and the above mentioned Irazu. Among the mountain ranges lies the Central Valley, a broad and fertile plateau ranging from 450 m. 1400 m. altitude, where he lives most of the population. The coasts of the Caribbean Sea are low and united, the Pacific Ocean are more articulate with slopes and cliffs that form bays and inlets. In Costa Rica there are many national parks and protected areas for the protection of the great biodiversity of this country.

Hydrography Costa Rica

The hydrographic network of Costa Rica is formed by numerous rivers characterized by the short distance involved and reach high enough. They come from very high reliefs and their use need to cover most of the energy consumption of the country. The major rivers are partly navigable. Among the major rivers of the Pacific Ocean side stand: Tempisque, Tarcoles, Parrita, Térraba, Coto and Colorado. Among the rivers that flow into the Caribbean side we find the Reventazon, Parismina, Pacuare, Matina, Sixaola, San Juan.

Climate Costa Rica

The climate of Costa Rica is tropical with a dry season from December to April and a rainy season from May to November. There is a marked difference in temperature between one season to another. The climatic conditions vary according to geographical factors; the climate of the coastal strip is hotter and more humid than in the Central Valley and that of mountains above 2000 m. altitude. The Caribbean coast is the area where it rains more.

Population Costa Rica

The majority of the population of Costa Rica is composed of white European origin, mainly Spanish, and a group of mestizos. Minorities are represented by communities of blacks, Chinese and Indians.

Time Zone Costa Rica

In Costa Rica you must move the clock seven hours behind Italy.

Language spoken in Costa Rica

The official language of Costa Rica is Spanish.

Economy of Costa Rica

The economy of Costa Rica is characterized by an important service sector, which contributes to the formation of the majority of GDP, of which the most important activities is represented by the tourism sector. The industry is in the fields of medical devices, electronics and textiles. These factors, typical of advanced economies, are found in the economy of Costa Rica, a country in the developing world. To highlight the agricultural sector with the production and export of coffee, bananas, pineapples and melons.

When you go to Costa Rica

The best time to visit Costa Rica is the dry season from December to April. The bad time, because of the abundance of rains, corresponds to the months of September and October.

Documents required for travel in CostaRica

To enter Costa Rica need a passport valid for at least 6 months from arrival in the country, and in possession of the ticket round trip. A visa is not required up to 90 days of stay.

Phone Costa Rica

– The international code for calls Costa Rica is: 00506

Electricity CostaRica

The electrical current in Costa Rica is 120 V 60 Hz. Sockets type A, B; therefore are required adapter and current transformer.

Money and credit card Costa Rica

The official currency of Costa Rica is the Colon. The dollars can be used for payments of hotels, tours, entrance fees to parks; for small expenses, such as bus tickets, need the colones. The dollars are preferred also for travelers checks. The major credit cards like Visa and Master card are useful for car rentals and are accepted at major hotels, pubs and shops.

Vaccinations for Costa Rica

To visit the Costa Rica there is no required vaccinations. They are recommended vaccinations against hepatitis A, typhoid and malaria prophylaxis for those visiting the tropical forests. Also it is good to take out health insurance before departure to cover, if necessary, medical expenses and repatriation. It is recommended to drink only bottled water without adding ice, eat vegetables only if cooked and fruit peeled yourself, carry insect repellent for mosquitoes and other insects

Dance music in Costa Rica

The dance music popular in Costa Rica is part of the Latin beat that includes salsa, merengue, bolero, cumbia and especially the point guanacasteco characterized to “bomb” shouted by male dancers in the course of the song.