Crete guide and useful for travel and holidays, what to see

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crete map

Guide Crete, useful information for the trip and all the things to know to spend holidays in the beautiful island of Greece.

Useful Crete

  • Capital: Heraklion
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 8336
  • Population: 623,000
  • Religion: Greek-Orthodox and Catholic with Muslim minorities.

Where is Crete

Crete is the largest island of Greece, is located in the southern part of the Aegean Sea, its territory is mostly mountainous with peaks ranging above 2,000 meters above sea level (in winter are covered with snow), the flat areas are few, the plain more important is the Mesara which is in the center-south of the island. The coast is formed by rocky coves and sandy beaches.

Climate of Crete

The climate of Crete is Mediterranean, with many sunny days and ca. 60 days of rain a year.

Population

The population is made up of Greek and a Turkish minority. The island of Crete for its strategic geographic location has had in the history of different rulers (the Greeks went to the Roman Empire, to the Saracens, to Venice and then to Turkey, for nearly a century has been raised the Greek flag).

Time zone

The island of Crete than Italy must move the clock forward an hour during the whole year.

Spoken language in Crete

The official language of Crete is the modern greek. English is known especially in tourist areas.

Economics island of Crete

The economy of Crete is based primarily on tourism and agriculture.

When to go to Crete

The best months to visit the island of Crete are: May, June (preferred) and then in September and October. In these spring and autumn the weather is nice and there is no crowding of tourists as in July and August. The remaining months of the year are suitable for cultural visits to archaeological sites, museums etc. During November and December, there are good chances of good weather but there is risk of rainy days.

Documents required travel Crete

Italian citizens to enter Greece must be a valid identity card or passport for foreign travel. The country is part of the European Union and adheres to the Schengen Agreement.

Phone

To call Creta the number phone prefix is 0030.

Money and credit cards in Crete

The official currency of Crete in Greece is Euro. Credit cards are accepted and ATMs are present, except for some smaller center.

What to see in Crete

Herakleion, or Candia depending on the translation, is the capital of Crete and is located in the north-central part of the island overlooking the Aegean Sea. And of course the beautiful beaches and crystal clear sea, among the most interesting places on the island of Crete is part of the Archaeological Museum which is unique for a thorough understanding of the Minoan civilization, corresponding to the Cretan Bronze Age.

This museum was opened in 1883 to house objects with important historical value. The accessible rooms are arranged on two floors in chronological order. Among the exhibits on the first floor there are some rythoi vessels, used in religious ceremonies, as well as some plastic that reconstruct the Minoan palaces of yore. The second floor is devoted instead to the famous frescoes of Knossos partly restored.

The city of Knossos, which is the largest archaeological site on the Bronze Age in Crete, located in the central part of the island of Crete, at a distance of about six kilometers from the sea and five kilometers from Heraklion. The palace of Knossos is in close connection with the ancient myths belonging to classical Greece, including that of Minos, the labyrinth built by Daedalus, Theseus and the Minotaur.

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