Cuba holidays guide, travel and tourism information
Guide to go to Cuba, the major island of the Antilles in the Caribbean, with all the information useful to know for the traveler.
Cuba in brief
- Capital: Havana
- Surface area in sq km: 110 922
- Population: 11.3 million (first half 2006)
- Religion: Catholic
Where is Cuba
Cuba is the largest island of the Antilles, is located between the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, east of the Yucatan Peninsula and southern Florida. In fact, the undersea continental shelf on which it stands Cuba, once, had joined these two peninsulas. Its territory is mostly flat. The most important findings are made from the Sierra Maestra, in the southeastern part of the island. The shoreline is mostly swampy and fringed with coral reefs, with many coves. Off the coast there are more than 1,500 islands, the largest of which is the Isle of Youth.
The most important river of the island is the Cautious.
The climate is warm and humid, with low temperature variation both annual and daily. In particular, the seasons can be divided in two: a dry season (November to April) and a wet (May to October). In this period he frequently develop thunderstorms, especially in the afternoon. The risk cyclones regards the months of September / October.
Population of Cuba
The population is predominantly white (mainly of Spanish descent), mulattoes, Africans and a small percentage of Asians.
Time in Cuba
In Cuba than in Italy, you must move the clock back six hours. Daylight saving time comes into force at about the same time that enters into force in Italy.
Language spoken in Cuba
The official language is Spanish.
Economy of Cuba
The Cuban economy has experienced different historical periods: the period of the system of colonial exploitation, before the Spaniards and then the Americans, was followed by a phase in which the economy has been anchored in the communist countries, with the creation of a fast track to exchange between Cuba and the Soviet Union (import of oil, industrial products at low prices, the possibility of soft loans and export of sugar and nickel at prices higher than the market). The collapse of the Soviet Union resulted in the end of these agreements, causing significant problems to the economy, which was already suffering the embargo by the United States. They were later taken to support economic growth, opening up to foreign investment in some sectors, making agreements with Venezuela and other Latin American countries and promoting tourism. To signal its commitment to the development in the pharmaceutical, vaccine and biotechnology, the search for innovative energies and attention to education. However Cuba remains a country with serious economic difficulties, its economy is mostly controlled by the state and is always in place the US embargo. This country would be one of the largest producers of sugar in the world, although in recent years have been closed many sugar mills. Follows the cultivation of tobacco, coffee, citrus and tropical fruits. As for the mineral resources, the reserves of nickel would be such as to ensure the country one of the first places in the world ranking of manufacturers. The industries are related to the processing of agricultural products: sugar, production of rum and alcohol; manufacture of tobacco. In addition there is also the textile industry, mechanical and footwear. In this situation unfavorable for Cuba tourism is the most important sector in the Cuban economy.
When to go Cuba
The summer months are the warmest and wettest. Typically the months of July and August are characterized by a greater crowding on the local beaches, since it is the holiday period for many Cubans. During the months of September and October, there is the risk that the island is hit by hurricanes. The best season is winter (December / April).
Documents required to travel Cuba
For entry into the country need a passport valid. Also you need an entry (Tarjeta de Desembarco), which is provided by the tour operator along with the ticket. If the trip is organized in its own must apply for a visa at the offices of the Cuban Consulate in Italy, or on arrival in the country, at the airport, at the offices of the immigration authorities, upon payment of a local tax, for a maximum period of 30 days (renewable). This document, which is stamped upon entry into the country, should be stored during the period of time before being resubmitted again to customs officials, on departure from Cuba, when it will also be required to pay a charge ‘ boarding.
– The international code for calls to Cuba is: 0053
In the provincial capitals and tourist resorts of the island there is cellular coverage; even our GSM phones operate using the Roaming the local company Cubacel. Internet is not widespread.
The electric current in Cuba is 110 volts, so you need an adapter.
Money and credit cards Cuba
The official currency of Cuba is the Cuban peso, this coin is used almost exclusively by the Cubans, and in some cases by tourists (eg, payment of public transport and for some small purchase made along the way). The currency of Cuba Tourism is the Peso Convertible: This is the official currency of the tourist. With this money they get paid all tourist services (restaurants, clubs, rentals) and goods. The US dollar and credit cards American Express and Diners Club are not accepted, and withdraw cash through other credit cards will be charged a commission burdensome.
To go to Cuba there are no mandatory vaccinations to do. However it is recommended to drink only bottled water and do not use ice for drinks. Health care facilities may be free of medical supplies and medicines. It ‘important to have medical insurance against accidents and incidents since the hospital administrations require the payment of expenses incurred at the time of the resignation of the patient. In case of non-payment is denied repatriation.