Cuba: what to see, beautiful places and routes to visit the island

Driving trip to Cuba, itineraries during a vacation in the island to visit beautiful places not to be missed.

Routes to visit Cuba

We could start from Baracoa, the oldest city of Cuba remained fairly isolated until the sixties, before the construction of the road Farola, because the forest that separates it from Guantánamo. The meaning of the name Baracoa indicates the place of the water and is caused by the fact that congregate near the mouths of some rivers including Toa, Miel, Duaba and Yumuri. The local economy is predominantly agricultural with cultivation especially coffee, cocoa, coconut and banana.

Havana is the capital of Cuba with mostly tropical climate characterized by a lot of rain in summer. Among the things to see in this city there is the Malecón, a boulevard popular with Cubans, combining the districts Old Havana, Centro Havana, Vedado and Miramar. La Punta, which is the starting point of the Paseo del Prado and the point of intersection with the Malecón, is characterized by a huge presence of Casas Particulares. The old University of Havana, with a century-long history, has been the focus of revolutionary thought.

Continuing our visit Cuba, the ‘Old Havana, where there are many buildings in Spanish colonial style, there are several buildings including the Palacio de los Marqueses de Aguas Claras and the Palacio de los Capitanes Generales, a path between the Plaza de la Catedral and Plaza Vieja, and the Museo de la Revolución. In the historic center of the city are the Paseo del Prado, which is the central street of the town, the Capitolio Nacional, which housed the government before the revolution, the Opera, the ‘Hotel Inglaterra and the building Bacardi. More important from a tourist point of view is the District of Vedado, which includes the hotel Habana Libre and the Revolution Square.

Santiago de Cuba is the second Cuban city by population and one of the oldest of the island. To see the Castle of San Pedro de la Roca or Castillo del Morro, an ancient fortress located in the south-west in a dominant position on the bay of the same name. Besides the castle is worth a visit is the Casa de Diego Velázquez, the Museo Municipal Bacardi and the Cementerio Santa Ifigenia, where they were buried many revolutionaries, including José Martí. Continuing to visit Cuba arrive in Bayamo, a town in the province of Granma that represents the southernmost point of the island. In the center of town is the Parque Céspedes, a nice shady garden with benches and statues of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes and Perucho Figueredo.

Are included in the important historic sites including the place where he was assassinated José Martí. L ‘Isle of Youth, discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1494 and where he was imprisoned Fidel Castro after the assault on the Moncada, has an economic activity based primarily on agriculture, fishing, extraction of marble and the production of ceramic art . In the caves in Punta del Este are Indian paintings while on the coast of the Pirates, near the tip Frances, are strongly recommended, enthusiasts, scuba diving to see the coral reef and particular species of colorful fish.

Beautiful places to visit in Cuba

– Camaguey is the largest of the provinces of Cuba that extends from the center of the island to the east. The capital is Camaguey while other locations are Florida and Nuevitas. This province is mostly flat with sandy beaches on both coasts with tourism developed only on the beach north of Saint Lucia. The economy of the province of Camaguey is based mainly on cattle and chickens, as well as the cultivation of sugar cane and rice. The inhabitants have a cowboy culture, with periodic rodeos.

– Ciego de Avila is located on the Carretera (highway) and the second main central city Moron is located further north. Off the coast there are a number of cays (islets) including Cayo Coco and Cayo Guillermo, booming from the point of view of tourism. The southern coast of that province is characterized by mangroves while between Moron and the northern coast are many lakes, including La Laguna de Leche (Milk Lake) that is greater than Cuba. Is raised cattle and cultivated sugar, pineapple and citrus.

– Cienfuegos is the smallest province of Cuba with an economy almost entirely dedicated to the cultivation and processing of sugar.

– Havana is the capital city and is one of the main symbols of what to see in Cuba. The Malecon is a meeting place for citizens and one of the main roads linking the ends of the city. Old Havana is the oldest neighborhood in Cuba with buildings dating back to the sixteenth century, combining architectural styles including baroque, art deco and art nouveau, very well preserved thanks to the restoration of the buildings made by hand. Miramar is a residential district extended along the west coast of Havana, from the end of the Malecon up to the Marina Hemingway. In this place there are many embassies, including the Russian embassy with his particular form of the tower.

– Vedado is the heart of Havana located between the Almendares River and downtown Havana. Here are concentrated offices, banks, luxury hotels, restaurants, shops, theaters and other places dedicated to recreation.
– Granma is one of the provinces of Cuba with capital Bayamo. Other centers are Manzanillo, which is a port on the Gulf of Guacanayabo and Pilon. Its name comes from the ship of the same name used by
Ernesto Che Guevara and Fidel Castro to land in Cuba with other guerrillas, and for this there is a concentration of memories of the Cuban Revolution.

– Guantanamo is the easternmost province of Cuba, which surrounds the important US naval base at Guantanamo Bay. Baracoa in another country is what to see in Cuba. The number of immigrants from Jamaica is high and many buildings are reminiscent of the French Quarter of New Orleans, located in the US state of Louisiana. The northern coast, battered by prevailing winds, is the wettest part of the country, while the south, sheltered and dry, is the hottest. The north is characterized by rainforests, while the south is arid and has many cacti.

– Holguin is a province located in the south-east of the country and its major cities include Holguin, Banes, Antilla, Mayarí, and Moa. The province has a population of just over one million people with an ‘economy is based on the cultivation of sugar, corn and coffee. A Moa is a big cobalt processing plant built with the help of foreign nationals mostly from Canada. There are also deposits of chromium, nickel and iron in addition to steel. Tourism has recently begun to develop and numerous hotels are in the area of ​​Guardalavaca.

– Isle of Youth is the largest island of Cuba with agriculture and fishing as the main economic resources. It is a popular tourist destination, with a mild climate and numerous beaches in famous places including Bibijagua Beach.

– Las Tunas is one of the provinces of Cuba, with the south coast, located on the Gulf de Guacanayabo, marshy and characterized by mangroves and cultivation of sugarcane.

– The province of Matanzas, has several towns including Cardenas and Matanzas Jovellanos addition to the capital. The area is generally flat with the exception of Pan de Matanzas that rises 380 meters above sea level. The southern coast is a huge swamp.

– Pinar del Rio is a province that contains one of three major mountain ranges, the Cordillera de Guaniguanico, which makes the landscape characterized by steep limestone hills and fertile valleys. The local economy is almost exclusively based on the cultivation of tobacco, used to produce the famous Cuban cigars appreciated all over the world whose factories are part of what to see in Cuba.

– Sancti Spiritus is another important province of Cuba with the capital town of the same name and other important Trinidad. Tourism is developed here, especially around the old town of Trinidad, which has dozens of colonial buildings dating back to the Spanish conquest in 1500.

– Santiago de Cuba is the second most populated province of the island of Cuba. Other major centers, in addition to its namesake town, are Palma Soriano, Contramaestre, Mayari, San Luis and Songo-La Maya. In this province, although there are many mineral resources including iron and nickel, the economy is based mostly on agriculture that sees one of the major crops of bananas, cocoa and coffee. The entire province of Santiago de Cuba was the scene of many battles during the war for independence and the Cuban Revolution of 1959.

– Villa Clara is one of the provinces of Cuba and its main population centers of what to see in Cuba is the capital of Santa Clara, Sagua La Grande, Placetas, Camajuaní, Remedios and Caibarien. Along the coast of Villa Clara there are many coral reefs and sandy beaches. The highest point is Alturas, at 464m above sea level. In the area there are also many lakes, used for water sports and fishing.