Cusco: what to see, attractions and places to visit
What to see in Cusco, attractions and places to visit in the archaeological site of Peru, considered among the greatest of South America.
Built by rich Inca king and plundered by the Spanish conquistadors, Cusco is the most popular tourist destinations in the area. Visitors are attracted by the spectacular colonial architecture of Cusco, Inca palaces in ruins built with stones perfectly square and cobbled squares sunburned.
The whitewashed streets and terracotta roofs are evidence of a rich history, also, in this charming mountain scenery, are placed fascinating museums, colorful markets and vibrant nightlife.
But the biggest attraction of Cusco is to represent the last outpost along the way legendary tribe of the Incas to Machu Picchu, today important archaeological site, one of the most beautiful in the world. The growing tourist development has not affected in any way the beauty and atmosphere from the ancient taste that reigns in Cusco.
For a break from the usual historical attractions of Cusco, this museum offers the opportunity to learn more about the history of the cacao tree and its origins. E ‘can see the art of making chocolate in all its phases, from the planting of cocoa to the finished product.
Hailing from the tropical forests of Central America, cocoa was grown in the past by the people of the Maya and Aztecs that recognized the properties as nutritious food and fortifying, which was usually consumed as a beverage bitter taste, prepared using cocoa beans and toasted ground on heated rocks.
Places to visit Cuzco
This building, which was the hub of the Inca religion, was richly decorated with plates of gold and precious stones. After the sacking of the Spanish conquistadors the temple was transferred to the Dominicans who built above it the monastery of Santo Domingo, was destroyed successiamente following the catastrophic earthquake of 1950. They were interesting ruins, including the stone of Inca origin and splendid works masonry.
Church of San Blas
It ‘a church with simple shapes with inside interesting works including a pulpit carved cedar wood, where they represented a cherub, the disk of the sun, some faces and bunches of grapes. To admire the ‘Baroque altar covered with gold leaf.
Built between 1556 and 1669 on the site of the palace of Inca Viracocha, the monolithic cathedral dominates one side of the Plaza de Armas. Full of priceless treasures, including finely carved altars, a sacristy with portraits of priests who took turns at various times, a crucifix blackened that the legend has been used to stop an earthquake of enormous proportions, a famous painting by Marcos Zapata depicting the Last Supper, in which Christ and his disciples feasting using fruits of the Andes instead of the traditional Passover lamb.
This great Jesuit church, which is also located in the Plaza de Armas, was built on the ruins of the palace Inca Huayna Capac. With Baroque facade this building contains within it interesting paintings depicting local weddings that show the customs of that time. It ‘also recommended a visit to the catacombs beneath the church and the climb to the second floor via a staircase located in the choir, from which you can admire a beautiful view outside.
Pre-Columbian Art Museum
This museum is dedicated to works of art of different ancient Peruvian cultures with exhibits of the Moche, Chimu, Paracas, Nazca and Inca. From the period 1250-1532, these archaeological treasures include sculptures, ceramics and handmade objects in gold and silver.
This grand colonial home sits on Inca foundations. Inside is an impressive staircase guarded by sculptures of mythical creatures and a courtyard. The museum houses the finest collection of artifacts present Inca Cusco. Are exposed metalwork and gold, jewelry, ceramics, textiles and paintings. There is also a reconstruction of a burial chamber containing mummies.
This vast Inca archaeological site is located a short walk from the Plaza de Armas. It consists of huge walls zigzag built using huge stones and a large statue of Jesus Christ, similar to that of Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro, visible from almost anywhere in the city.