Cyprus holidays and useful guide for travel
Cyprus travel guide, things to know to go traveling or holiday island in the eastern Mediterranean Sea.
Cyprus in brief
- Capital: Nicosia
- Surface area in square kilometers: 9,251 sq km
- Population: 854 673
- Religion: more than 80% Orthodox, ca.18% over Muslim minority of Armenian Catholics and Maronites.
Where is the island Cyprus
The island of Cyprus is located in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, south of the Anatolian peninsula. The island is geographically located in Asia, but from a historical-cultural you can ‘consider a European state. About two-thirds of the area are occupied by the Republic of Cyprus, which is part of the European Union since 2004, while in the remaining part, to the north of the island, is the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, self-proclaimed after surgery Military turkish army in 1974. The island is crossed to the north and south by two mountain ranges: the north of Kyrenia, parallel to the coast to the peninsula and south Karpaso that of Troodos, which reaches the highest altitude with Mount Olympus; between the two chains of mountains stretching from the west coast to the east, the plain of Mesaria.
The rivers Yalias and Peidos are the only ones that have a regular flow regime.
The climate is Mediterranean with hot and dry summer and temperate winters. Rain falls mainly in winter.
The population is: about 80% of Greek Cypriots, who live in the center and south of the island, about 18% people of Turkish origin (in the northern part of the island), the rest is Armenians and other minorities ethnic.
UTC/GMT +2 hours
The greek and turkish are the official languages of Cyprus. The turkish is spoken mainly in the northern part of the island and the greek is spoken mainly in the central and southern part of the island.
The economy of Cyprus, before the division of the island, was based mainly on agriculture. After separation, the Greek community in the Republic of Cyprus, tried to steer the economy toward Western models, joining the EU and adopting reforms in this direction. Cyprus despite being a country of small size, with its strategic location is a meeting point between the European Union, the Middle East and North Africa, Russia and Eastern Europe. The items driving the economy are represented by tourism, financial services and construction. Cyprus depends abroad for manufactured products and for energy supply, has few natural resources and imports fuel, machinery, transport equipment and raw materials for its light industry.
When to go to Cyprus
The months April / May and September / October are preferable.
To enter the Republic of Cyprus, to the citizens of European Union countries, is required passport or identity card valid for foreign travel. Up to three months of residence do not need a visa. Because of the political situation the best solution is to enter a port or an airport in the Republic of Cyprus, avoiding moving from the north, as the stamp in the passport, the so-called Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, can give problems at the time of entrance to the south, in the Republic of Cyprus. In any case should be issued with a visa on a separate sheet of paper from the passport (it is common procedure). For entry to North Cyprus officially passport is required.
Calling Code: 00357
Supply electricity in Cyprus is 240 V 50 Hz. Sockets type C, G.
The euro is the official currency of Cyprus.