Dominican Republic: useful information, tips trip

Dominican Republic travel guide, tips and things to know to go in this state of Central America.

Tourist information Dominican Republic

Things to know to go in this state of Central America.

  • Capital: Santo Domingo
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 48 683
  • Population: 9,759,665 (2007)
  • Religion: Catholic majority

Where is the Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic is a state of Central island and occupies the center of the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles. It is bordered on the west by Haiti, to the north is the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Caribbean Sea to the east and the Mona Channel separates the island of Puerto Rico. They belong to the Dominican Republic also some nearby islands, including Saona and Beata. The territory, mainly mountainous, is rich in fertile land and water courses. The central cordillera crosses the Dominican Republic from the northeast to the southwest and the Pico Duarte (3175 m) reaches the highest peak of the Antilles. In the northern part of the Cordillera Septentrional faces the central cordillera. Between the two mountain ranges lies the fertile Cibao Valley. To the south of the Cordillera Central rise two other chains: the Sierra de Neiba and the Sierra de Bahoruco, separated by a depression occupied in part by the salt lake Enriquillo. The eastern part of the country, crossed by the Cordillera Oriental (below 1000 m above sea level), sloping down to the sea with large flat areas. The high and rugged coastline are etched by numerous creeks and bays. The capital of this state is Santo Domingo, a populous city overlooking the Caribbean Sea at the mouth of the Ozama River.

Hydrography Dominican Republic

In the northern part of the Dominican Republic the main waterways are: Yaque del Norte, Yuna, Camu ‘. In the southern part of the rivers Yaque del Sur, Ozama, Soco.

Climate Dominican Republic

The climate of the Dominican Republic is tropical. The rainy season covers the months from June to November, this time in the humidity and temperature are higher, frequent showers and there is the risk of hurricanes, particularly between August and October. In winter the weather is pleasant, moderately warm, fairly dry (except the northeast where the trade winds cause rainfall all year).

Population Dominican Republic

Before the Spanish colonization of the island was inhabited by the ancient Taino population. Today the majority of the population is mulatto, born of the union of European (especially Spanish) and African, then follow the descendants of Africans and Spaniards and small minorities of Chinese and Arabs.

Time zone

In the Dominican Republic must move the clock five hours behind Italy (-6 hours when DST is in Italian).

Language Dominican Republic

The official language of the Dominican Republic is Spanish.

Economy of the Dominican Republic

The agricultural sector employs most of the population and is oriented towards the export of products from large plantations. The main crops are sugar cane, coffee, tobacco, cocoa, bananas, and to meet domestic needs is produced rice, cassava, maize, sweet potato, beans. Looking for domestic consumption also the keeping of poultry, pigs and cattle. The secondary sector is based primarily on the processing of agricultural products. Are largely imported machinery for industry, consumer goods, pharmaceuticals, oil and more. In mining the main resource is nickel, which form of iron nickel is a significant contributor to exports, also are extracted gold, silver and bauxite. Tourism is a vital industry for the country’s economy.

When to go to the Dominican Republic

From the perspective of climate the best time to visit the Dominican Republic is from December to February, it rains less and the temperatures are slightly lower. The average annual temperature is 25 ° C, there are large variations in seasonal weather, the temperature differences are related to altitude and maritime influence. The month period from June to November period corresponds to less suitable to visit this country since they may experience hurricanes.

Documents required travel Dominican Republic

To visit the Dominican Republic you need a passport valid for at least three months from the time of entry into the country.

Phone Dominican Republic

– The international code for calls in the Dominican Republic: 001 809
In the Dominican Republic operate mobile tri-band.

Electricity Dominican Republic

The electric current is 110 V 60 Hz. Sockets type A C. Therefore are necessary adapter and current transformer.

Money and credit cards Dominican Republic

The official currency of the Dominican Republic is the Dominican peso. For payments are accepted major credit cards, travelers checks and US dollars. The euro can be changed at banks, hotels and exchange offices.

Vaccination Dominican Republic

To visit the Dominican Republic is not required no vaccination. They are recommended vaccinations against hepatitis A, typhoid and the conclusion of a health insurance that covers, in case of need, medical expenses and repatriation. It is also good to use some hygienic precautions, drink only bottled water without adding ice, eat vegetables only if cooked and fruit peeled yourself. Bring insect repellent against mosquitoes and insects.