Easter Island: Guide vacations in Chile
Holidays Easter Island, where it is, origin of the name, region and what to visit in the island located in the South Pacific.
Guide Easter Island
Belonging to Chile, Easter Island and is one of the most isolated lands and fascinating in the world, located in the South Pacific to 3600 kilometers west of the coast of Chile and 2075 km east of Pitcairn, the inhabited earth to it nearest.
Easter Island, in the indigenous language Rapa Nui, which means big island rock, owes its name to the fact that the Dutchman Jacob Roggeveen landed on it on Easter Monday 1722. The territory of the island is of volcanic origin, is formed by three extinct volcanoes, the Rano Kau, and Maunga Maunga Puakatiki Terevaka, and reaches its maximum altitude of around 500 meters above sea level.
This land is mostly barren, covered with extensive grasslands jokes almost continuously by the wind, bordered by coastline that sink quickly Ocean, eroded by the stormy sea. Easter Island to its distance from the coast is low in plant species, therefore it can be deduced that the majority of the plants of the island has been brought by the man, who, over the centuries, has changed the vegetation.
It appears that the island was covered by a lussuoreggiante vegetation formed mostly by palm trees, then with the increase in population began a gradual deforestation that led to the killing of a large amount of plants causing desertification of large grounds, with consequences catastrophic for the population.
Were deforested land for new areas to cultivate, build canoes, burn wood and carry the famous Moai stone statues depicting human figures of varying sizes, depending on the age, ranging between two and twenty meters, which still are numerous on the island. On the origin of the population of Rapa Nui there are conflicting opinions, recent studies have revealed similarities between the Islanders and Polynesians.