Ecuador: guidance and useful for travel or vacation
Ecuador travel guide with all the information needed to organize your holidays in this state of South America.
Ecuador in brief
- Capital: Quito
- Surface area in sq km: 283 561
- Population: 13.5 million (first half 2006)
- Religion: Catholic
Where is Ecuador
The Republic of Ecuador is called so ‘because it straddles the Equator. ecuador flag It is bordered to the north with Colombia, east and south with Peru and overlooks the Pacific Ocean to the west. Ecuador is crossed from north to south by two parallel chains of the Andes, volcanic: the Cordillera Occidental and the Cordillera Real, dominated by towering volcanic cones, like the Chimborazo, about 6300 meters high. On the coastal strip stretching a flat region, low and swampy, while the eastern part of the country includes a small part of the basin of the Amazon River, covered by impenetrable forests. The Galapagos Islands belong to Ecuador, (an archipelago of volcanic islands located in the Pacific Ocean about 1000 km. From the coast).
The hydrographic network of Ecuador is formed by the rivers that bestow the Pacific Ocean: Esmeraldas, Babahojo, Guayas, and the direct or indirect tributaries of the Amazon: Rio Napo, Pastaza and Tigre.
In Ecuador we can distinguish different climatic zones
The coast is influenced by ocean currents, and has a warm and humid season (January / April), with abundant rainfall and a dry season (May / December) with cooler temperatures a few degrees and no rain.
In the Andean region, the climate is influenced by the height of the mountains, so ‘we have:
– The hot lands, from sea level up to 1000 meters high
– The temperate lands, from 1000 to 2000 meters
– The cold lands above 2000 meters
– The eastern part of the country is hot and rainy all year round
The Galapagos Islands have a warm season, with sunny days and accompanied by brief heavy rainfall, in the period December / May. From June to November is the dry season, there is often a mist, the air is cooler and windy.
The population of Ecuador is composed of a majority of Indians and mestizos. Besides Creoles (descendants of Spanish colonists) and Africans.
Time zone Ecuador
In Ecuador must move the clock back six hours, compared to Italy (7 hours back when in Italy there is daylight saving time). The Galapagos Islands are seven hours behind, compared to Italy (8 hours back in Italy when there is daylight saving time).
The official language of Ecuador is Spanish. It ‘also spoken language Quechua (the official language of the Inca Empire).
In Ecuador, the living conditions of most of the population are very modest. The country’s economy is fragile and dependent on foreign, despite having discrete potentials and resources. The country exports oil, thanks to the presence of significant oil reserves in its subsoil. The agriculture of the coastal region is characterized by export products, especially bananas and then coffee, cocoa, sugar, tobacco, cotton, citrus, while the Sierras, where the large estates are alternated small funds unproductive prevail crops of potatoes , wheat, corn and grains. The fishing industry is thriving thanks to breeding and export of shrimp, lobster and tuna fishing. As for the industry, its development is limited and covers the mining, textile, food, chemical and tobacco. A typical product of Ecuador is a special straw made from a variety of palm (Carludovica palmata) which produces the hats of Panama.
When to go to Ecuador
Ecuador can be visited throughout the year. On the coast and the Galapagos Islands Duranti months ranging from December to May, during the rainy season, the sea water is warmer than the other months of the year. Highlands the best time is dry from June to August. In the Amazon, the eastern part of the country, the climate is always warm and rainy.
Documents required to travel Ecuador
To enter Ecuador need a passport valid. Up to a maximum of 90 days of stay do not need a visa, but is released when entering the country with a residence permit (T3), which must be attached to the passport and stored during the period of stay in the country.
– The international dialing code for calls in Ecuador is: 00593
The electric current in Ecuador is 110 volts, so you need an adapter.
Money and credit cards Ecuador
The currency of Ecuador is the US dollar (US $). The major credit cards are only accepted in major hotels and tourist areas, the withdrawal from an ATM with a credit card is offered by banks, but not all agencies.
Vaccinations for Ecuador
– Vaccinations against tetanus and hepatitis A
– Malaria prophylaxis and vaccination against yellow fever for those visiting the Amazon rainforest and the coastal area
It is also advised to drink only bottled water and soft drinks without adding ice, avoid drinking fresh juices and eat raw vegetables, because tap water is not safe.