Egadi holidays what to see, which one to choose
Holidays in the Egadi to explore this archipelago of Sicily, aspects and characteristics of each island.
The archipelago of the Egadi is formed by the islands, Favignana, Levanzo, Marettimo and by the islets-rocks, Ant and Maraone. The islands, located in front of the west coast of Sicily, between Marsala and Trapani, are mainly limestone and dolomite.
Favignana and Levanzo are more ‘close to Sicily and more’ exploited from the tourist point of view, while the island of Marettimo, the most ‘distant from Sicily, a nature preserve more’ wild. A Levanzo and to a lesser extent in Favignana were found archeological and graffiti dating back to ancient human settlements. Over thousands of years, these islands have followed many conquerors. The Carthaginian period follow ‘the Roman one.
After the fall of the Roman Empire came the Vandals, Goths and Saracens. For the Saracens followed the Normans, the Swabians, the Angevins, the Aragonese. In 1640 the islands were sold to the family Pallavicino; following the ruling house you intend ‘rights on the castles, forts, and its approval of any concessions enfiteutiche land.
In 1735 there was the settlement of the Bourbons, and in 1874 the Florio purchased the islands from Pallavicino, being in possession of the bare ownership ‘of them and traps. This family of very creative industry, whose history is linked to that of Favignana, modernized ‘the activities’ linked to tuna fishing and made this industry very forefront in Italy, in the late nineteenth century and the first half’ of the twentieth century.
What are the Egadi to see
The island is named after the warm west wind, Zephyr. Its territory, mostly flat, the center is dominated by Mount St. Catherine m. 310, on which stands the Forte sommita’si namesake. The mountain ridge, characterized by karst rocks and caves, winds through Punta Campana, m.295, Portella del Cervo and Punta Grosso m. 252, on either side stretch, the Piana del Bosco to the west, and the Plains to the east. The limestone soil has allowed, since ancient times, the extraction of the tuff.
In the past, this work of excavation was as important as the activities’ of fishing, the island’s economy, today remains a very picturesque landscape, marked by the ancient struggle of the miners. The white walls of tufa, dug by silent galleries, overlooking a crystalline sea.
Cala del Pozzo, Cala Rossa, which was fought in 241 BC the naval battle between the Romans and Carthaginians, who segno’la end of the First Punic War and the victory of the Romans, (the depths of this sea preserve the memory of those distant events) then Cala d’Azur, located between Punta Marsala and Punta Fanfalo, Lido Burrone, the beach more ‘big island, Punta Sottile where the lighthouse, Cala del Bue Marino, Cala Rotonda, Cala Grande and other coves and beaches follow along the coast. Favignana is also the name of the island’s main town, the capital of the archipelago and the port.
In the center you can see the elegant Palazzo Florio, built in 1876 by the Florio family, the architect Giuseppe Damiani de Almeyda, who am ‘also the renovation and extension of the factories of tuna. Today the large complex of tuna and ‘under renovation and transformation into a cultural center. At Favignana is linked the ancient tradition of the Slaughter, tuna fishing.
Between May and June, during the migration of tuna takes this ancient ritual which includes a long network of barrier that forces the tuna to enter into a series of rooms from which can no longer ‘out. This preparation is done in advance, when the time is right the boats of tuna fishermen, to the rhythm of popular songs called cialome, reached the extreme point of the trap and the Rais, the head of operations, order the start of the massacre.
It ‘a small island, the most’ small Egadi, located in front of the northern coast of Favignana. Its appearance is hilly, the highest point ‘higher the Pizzo del Monaco m. 278 above sea level, its coasts are high and rocky. In the bay of Cala Dogana, to the south of the island, is the only town and small port. Rainwater is collected in cisterns of the houses of Cala Dogana and farmhouses scattered throughout the country, since ‘there are no water resources on the island.
Surrounded by unspoiled nature, there is’ only one road that crosses the island from north to south, the trails wind along the coast and in the interior, where the most ‘high on the slopes of the hill, you can’ admire a characteristic flora consists of prickly pear, agave, euphorbia, mastic, ferrules and many other endemic species. On the northwest coast, the steep limestone cliff, at a height of ca. 30 m., Overlooking a small cove, the famous Grotta del Genovese, reachable by both land and sea.
The cave contains within it a heritage of great value expressiveness’ figurative prehistoric, made of figures carved and painted figures representing cattle, deer, horses, fish and human figures. Along the coast overlooking beautiful bays crystal clear sea, as Cala Tramontana, Cala Calcara, Cala Cala Nucidda and Cold. The depths of the waters of Capo Grosso, in the northern tip of Levanzo, preserve the memory of ancient battles, and even the waters off Cala Minnola, picturesque cove with pine forest that reaches almost to the sea, retain a very interesting archaeological site formed by fragments a Roman shipwreck, pottery and amphorae.
And ‘the island more’ mountainous and wild of the Aegean archipelago. Its maximum altitude is Monte Falcone, 686 meters above sea level, its high and rocky coasts are thrown overhanging in a clear sea. Marettimo has preserved an extraordinary natural heritage, rich in many species of endemic plants that cover the entire surface of the island, especially the inaccessible cliffs and vertical rocks, where are the plants most ‘unique and interesting.
A Marettimo, compared to Favignana and Levanzo, c’e’piu ‘abundance of spring water, the village is located in the narrow coastal strip in the eastern part of the island. Taking a boat ride, advisable to visit the coast pretty wild, you can admire the beautiful sea caves from the bottom limpid as the Camel Cave, Cave of the Pipe, Grotta delle Sirene, Perciata Cave, Cave of the Nativity and the Grotto of the Bombard, without forgetting the charming Cala Manione, Punta Troia, Punta Mugnone, White Cove, Punta Libeccio and Punta Bassana.
To visit the island in it and enjoy its scenic beauty is nice to go hiking on foot. Through one of the most ‘lush island you can reach the Roman houses at an altitude 248 m above sea level, the Byzantine Church and the traffic light at m. 500 m asl. By Roman Houses climbs a path to the summit of Monte Falcone, the top of the Egadi.
Another excursion you can ‘do for the south after leaving Punta Bassana continue towards the northwest and reach the western side of the island, the more’ steep and dolomite, where there is a lighthouse, near Punta Jugo. Finally, along the eastern side of the island you can get to the castle, which rises on the picturesque Punta Troia.