Egypt: travel guide, things to know

egypt map
egypt map

All the things to know to organize trips and vacations in Egypt.

Egypt in brief

  • Capital: Cairo
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 1.001.449
  • Population: 75,497,914
  • Religion: Muslim (94%); Coptic minority and Catholic

Where is Egypt

Egypt is bordered by Libya and Sudan in Africa, in Asia with Israel and is bathed by the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea, communicating through the Suez Canal. The Egyptian territory is formed mostly from the desert; only the valley and the Nile Delta are cultivated and inhabited. To the west of the Nile is the Libyan Desert, mostly flat and rocky and the remainder stretches of sand and chains of dunes, interrupted only by some depressions where there are oases inhabited. To the east of the Nile lies the Arabian Desert, mostly mountainous, which extends beyond the Suez Canal in the desert Sinai Peninsula.


The Nile, the only Egyptian river, crosses the country from south to north, running in a fertile valley and forming a vast delta before flow into Mediterranean Sea.


Egypt’s climate has characters desert: high temperatures, minimal rainfall, strong daily temperature. On the north coast is Mediterranean climate.


The Egyptians, from the ethnic point of view are a people camita semitizzato. The present population descends from indigenous premusulmane (the ancient Egyptians) and by the Arabs who conquered the territory in the seventh century. and consists of: Coptic (the most advanced class), fellahin (rural population), Bedouins (nomadic shepherds or semi nomads who live in the desert regions), Nubians (mainly located in the villages along the Nile). Also there are minorities of Europeans, Syrians, Armenians, Turks, Indians.

Time zone

UTC/GMT +2 hours
During Daylight Saving Time Egypt is UTC/GMT +3 hours


Arabic is the official language of Egypt.


Egypt’s Economy is conditioned by various problems that hamper the growth. The cultivated and inhabited territory is only a small part compared to the vastness of the desert areas (ca. 96% of the total), there are forests, meadows for grazing, and the mineral resources are good enough.
Agriculture occupies half of the working population, and thanks to the exploitation of the waters of the Nile, there are different kinds of crops. Cotton is the main product (is exported), followed by cereals, vegetables, citrus and tropical crops. Agricultural production is good, but it is not enough to cover the domestic needs. The industries are active in the steel, cement, fertilizer and textile and food industry. Good are the production of oil, which is exported and natural gas reserves. The tourism industry is important.

When to go to Egypt

Egypt’s climate is good throughout the year. The periods preferred are autumn and spring, although in spring (especially in April) can blow the Khamsin, a wind that brings dust storms.

Travel Documents

-Passport valid for at least six months after your arrival.
Citizens from UK , EU and USA travelling to Sharm El Sheikh, Dahab, Nuweiba and Taba resorts only, for a maximum of 15 days, do not require a visa prior to travelling, will receive a free entry permission stamp upon arrival. If they intend to travel outside of the above mentioned areas they must obtain a Visa.
In addition to UK and EU, citizens of the following countries can obtain visa upon arrival in Egypt: Australia, Canada, Croatia, Georgia, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Macedonia, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Serbia, Ukraine and USA.


Calling Code is 0020


Electricity supply: 220 V 50 Hz


Egyptian pound is the official currency of Egypt.