Estonia holidays travel guide, things to know, useful
Tourism Estonia, things to know to organize trips and vacations in this EU member state.
Estonia in brief
- Capital: Tallinn
- Surface area in square kilometers: 45 226
- Population: 1,340,263
- Religion: Mostly Lutherans and Orthodox, although the majority of the population claims to not follow any religious belief.
Where is Estonia
Estonia is a parliamentary republic and a Member State of the European Union. Its territory covers a kind of peninsula in the eastern part of the Baltic Sea. Faces north of the Gulf of Finland and west of the Gulf of Riga, bordered to the south by Latvia, on the east by Russia (mostly within the Lake Peipsi). The country is mostly flat, characterized by the presence of vast swamps and marshes, the highest point is Mount Suur Munamägi (318 m), located in the south-east of the country. Forests occupy about half of the territory. The coasts are generally low and sandy, among the many islands that lie in front of the west coast, the main ones are Saaremaa and Hiiumaa.
Estonia’s territory is very rich of lakes and rivers. The main lake is Lake Peipsi, shared with Russia is one of the largest lakes in Europe. The second is Lake Võrtsjärv, and is located within the country. The rivers of Estonia have origins hilly and flow into the sea after short trips. The largest are the Narva, the Emajõgi, the Pärnu, the Kassari.
Estonia has a temperate climate with cold winters long and dark. The average winter temperatures are between the islands of -3.5 ° C and -7.6 ° C in the interior of the country (February). The summers are short with average temperatures ranging from 16.3 ° C on the islands of the Baltic Sea, to 17.1 ° C in the interior of the country (July). The days are very long in the months of May and June. The wettest months are August and September, while the driest are February and March.
Most of population is made up of Estonians (ca.84%). The remainder is made up of Russians, Ukrainians, Belarusians, Finns and others.
GMT/UTC + 02:00 hour
Estonian is the official language of Estonia.
Estonian economy is mainly based on the tertiary sector (financial services, tourism, transport and telecommunications), with a major holding of the four major Scandinavian banks, which control about 90% of the Estonian banking sector. The presence of very equipped ports has always favored foreign trade and transit of goods contributing significantly to the economy of the country. Important industrial activity that is driven by sectors of components for the telecommunications industry (in Estonia was created the Skype) and from the research and development, supported by the traditional sectors of the wood and agro-industry. Estonia is poor in raw materials, in addition to the forests which are the main natural risora, the country can rely on deposits of oil shale, that produces natural gas, resins, oil and chemicals. Note that l’Estonia is in first place in Europe for consumption infotecnologia and coverage rate of its territory with broadband. Internet is used to vote in the general election and also for access to various public services.
When you go in Estonia
The winter is very long, characterized by very cold days and a few hours of light. The best time to visit Estonia is from May to early September, during these months is warmer and the days are longer, in particular the months of May and June.
Documents required travel Estonia
Identity card or passport.
Estonia is part of the European Union.
To call Estonia the country code is: 00372
The electric current in Estonia is 230 V 50 Hz.
Euro is the official currency of Estonia.