Ethiopia: travel guide, information, things to know

ethiopia map
ethiopia map

Travel guide to Ethiopia

Ethiopia in brief

  • Capital: Addis Ababa
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 1.127.127
  • Population: 81.455.634
  • Religion: Ethiopian Orthodox Church 55.5%, Protestant 10.1%, Catholics 0.9% (for a total of 66.5% of Christians, equivalent to the majority of the population), Muslims 30.9%, traditional religions (animists ) 5.6%.

Where is Ethiopia

The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is bordered by Eritrea to the north, to the east by Djibouti, east and southeast by Somalia, south-west with Kenya and South Sudan, north-west with Sudan; has no outlet to the sea. The country’s territory is covered mostly by two plateaus, the Ethiopian Highlands and the Plateau Galla-Somali, divided by large tectonic furrow the Pit of Galla, stretching from the southwest to the northeast, and corresponds to the limit Northern Rift Valley. The Pit of Galla has many lakes on the southern border, is crossed to the north by the Awash River, and north-east opens in the Danakil Depression, which is the third region of the country. The plateau dell’Acrocoro occupies the west central part of the country and it includes the mountains of Semien, culminating with the 4620 m of Ras Dashen Terara, the highest peak in the country, and Lake Tana, the most extended Ethiopia, which extends to 1778 meters above sea level, and has as its emissary the Blue Nile. The Danakil region located between the Ethiopian Highlands and the Red Sea, which is included nell’Etiopia only the inside, is a vast depression largely covered by volcanic materials and divided in various basins; among these, the Plan of Sale is located 116 m below the level of the Red Sea. East of the Fossa Galla extends the other region of highlands plateau corresponding surface-Somali, which slopes down to the south-east Somalia.

Hydrography

The territory of Ethiopia has considerable potential water, gives rise to major rivers and is rich in lakes. The main rivers flowing into the northern part of the plateau are the Blue Nile, the Barka, the Tacazze, which flows nell’Atbara, while the rivers in the southern plateau are the Omo Botego tributary of Turkana, the Genale that near the border with Somalia joins the Dawa and Weyb to form the Juba and Shebele Wenz. The Awash River flows into the Fossa Galla and flows into Lake Abbe, after losing part of the water through the Danakil desert. The pit of the Galla in the southern part is occupied by lakes, Ziway, Langano, Abiyata, Shala, Awasa, Abaja and Shamo. The main lake is the Tana in Ethiopia, located nell’Acrocoro.

Climate

The climate of Ethiopia can be divided in two seasons: dry winter, from October to March, and rainy summer, from April to September. Ethiopia covers a wide area and has a very varied terrain. The plateau has spring temperatures and in winter during the night, the temperature can also go down under zero. It receives abundant summer rains.
The eastern part of the country, Danakil and Ogaden, rainfall is very scarce and temperatures are among the highest in the land.

Population

The Ethiopian population consists of many ethnic groups. Amhara (30%), Tigrinya (7%), Oromo or afloat (31%), are the most important ethnic group of the country. The remainder consists of other ethnic groups, such as Sidama, the danachili and Somalis.

Time zone

UTC/GMT +3 hours

Language

Amharic is the official language of Ethiopia.

Economy

Ethiopia is one of the poorest countries in the world.
Its economy is based mainly on agriculture and livestock. The main agricultural crop is coffee, of which the country is one of the top producers in the world.

When to go to Ethiopia

To visit the Etiopa all months of the year are pleasant, but the best time is after the rainy season, from early October until mid-March. Lower Omo Valley are preferably avoided the months of April, May and October, for the vulnerable situation of the roads.

Travel Documents

– Passport for at least six months valid
– Visa

Phone

Calling Code: 00251

Electricity

Supply electricity is 220 V 50 Hz.

Currency

Ethiopian birr is the official currency of Ethiopia.

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