Finland holidays guide, useful travel and tourism
Finland travel, tourist guide for organizing holidays in this state of northern Europe wet from the Gulf of Bothnia, information and things to know before starting.
Finland in brief
- Capital: Helsinki
- Surface area in sq km: 338 145
- Population: 5.1 million
- Religion: Protestant (Lutheran)
Where is Finland
Finland is bordered to the north by Norway, northwest with Sweden, east and southeast with Russia, to the west is washed by the Gulf of Bothnia, southwest from the Baltic Sea and to the south by the Gulf of Finland. The territory consists of a base of rocks archeozoiche predominantly granitic and covered almost everywhere by a blanket of glacial materials. The action of erosion of the glaciers has trained more than 100,000 lakes. In the northern part of Finland there are hills (the furthest reaches of the Scandinavian Alps). In Lapland, on the border with Norway, are mountains with peaks over 1000 meters, for the rest of the territory of Finland is flat. In the southern part of the country are covered with forests of oak, to the north of coniferous forests, stands at the northern tundra.
The main rivers are the Tornio in Finland, the Kemi, the Kokemaki and Oulu. The lakes cover almost one tenth of the total area of the country. The main ones are: Saimaa, Paijanne, Inari, Pielinen.
Climate’s Finland is temperate cold. Winter is very cold and long with short days. From late August to early May in the northern part of Finland you can watch the northern lights, when the night sky clears with a light that varies in color, in time and space. In the summer, from June to August, the country is free of ice and the days are very long, especially in June when north you can admire the spectacle of the midnight sun (the sun does not set for 70 days ca. ) and also to the south the nights are short and clear.
First under the dominion of Sweden then under that of Russia, Finland became independent in 1917. Difesasi well by the invasion attempts gypsies during World War II by the Soviet Union and Germany, Finland since the war has developed a lot of moving from a rural economy to an industrial economy continues to expand. As a member of the European Union, Finland was the first state in Northern Europe to accede immediately to the single currency.
Population’s Finland is finnish with minorities Swedish, Russian and Lappish. For climatic reasons and productive, the population density is highest in the southern cities, however it has an average density of population among the lowest in Europe.
UTC/GMT +2 hours
Language spoken is Finnish (belongs to the family of Uralic), 6% speak Swedish and another small minority speak the Sami (language’s Lapland).
The finnishs have an high standard of living. Agriculture is self-sufficient for products as like barley, oats, wheat, sugar beet and is also practiced the cattle and pig. Exploitation’s forests is crucial to economy’s Finland as are exported considerable quantities of timber and timber products such as plywood. Several are also subsoil resources, although the country imports some raw materials and energy. Also relevant productions of the steel industry, metallurgical mechanical, electrical and telecommunications.
When to go Finland
The best time to go Finland is the summer but, for those who do not suffer from the cold, is very nice also the winter period characterized by dark days and temperatures mostly below freezing especially in January. In March, while there is still snow, temperatures are less rigid and the days start to get brighter.
Documents required travel Finland
Identity card or passport.
International code to call Finland is 00358.
The electric current is 220 volts.
Euro is the official currency of Finland.