France holidays guide, travel and tourism information

france map
france map

France travel guide with things to know before you organize holidays in the territory of this diverse nation, geographical location and the best times to go.

France in brief

  • Capital: Paris
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 543.965
  • Population: 60.081.800
  • Religion: Catholics, Muslims, Protestants, Jews.
  • Where is France

    France is bordered to the north by the North Sea, northeast with Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany, with Switzerland and Italy to the east, on the south by the Mediterranean Sea and Spain, on the west by the Atlantic Ocean, northwest with English Channel. Reliefs of medium height with rounded edges as the Armorican Massif in the west, to the Ardennes and the Vosges to the east and the Massif Central in the center, date back to the Paleozoic Era. During the Mesozoic era they formed the Paris basin and the Aquitaine. In Cenozoic (then youngest geologically) the Jura, the Pyrenees and the Alps. The French coasts are varied: the Atlantic Ocean and the English Channel to the south are low and sandy and rocky cliffs north. Mediterranean Sea coasts are rocky rugged east, west instead are low and sandy.

    Hydrography France

    The largest rivers of France are: the Seine, the Loire and the Garonne flowing into the side of the Atlantic Ocean and the Rhone which flows into the Mediterranean Sea. Even the Rhine River flowing for a short distance in the French territory. There are many tributaries that bestow these great rivers.

    Climate France

    Another important consideration for those who want to travel to France, it takes into account the climatic conditions. In France we can distinguish different types of clima.Clima Oceanico in Normandy and Brittany, with frequent rain, it is mild in winter and cool in summer. In the central areas and Paris the climate is less rainy and more continental than oceanic coasts. In the regions on the border with Germany the climate has continental features with cold winters and hot enough and storm. In the French regions located between the Massif Central and the Alps’ s winter is fairly cold and hot summer, (semi-continental). In mountain regions, rainfall is often snowy and cold winters. On the southern coast of France has a Mediterranean climate with mild winters and hot summers.


    In France there is a greater density of population especially in the industrial regions (North, East, Saint-Etienne) and around Paris, and then also in some agricultural regions specialized (Languedoc, Alsace, Loire Valley), on the coast of Brittany and Provence and close to ports. The rural settlement is sparse in this section of the Massif Central and the eastern part of the country.

    Time Zone

    UTC/GMT +1 hours
    During Daylight Saving Time UTC/GMT +2 hours


    French is the official language of France.


    Its economy involves collaboration between private corporations and government bodies; between 1980 and 1986 there was the nationalization of several sectors. The State controls telecommunications, electricity, railways, aviation. The tendency of the government, currently, is to gradually release control of some areas by selling its investments in the stock market. Despite agriculture occupies only 6% of the population, France stands out as agricultural producer in Europe. The main industrial sectors are the chemical industry, machine-building, automotive, aviation, metallurgy, textile, energy, food. In France it occupies an important role the services sector, especially the tourism sector. The products of the manufacturing companies in France are mostly exported.

    When you go to France

    All the months of the year are good for organizing trips to France.

    Travel Documents

    EU nationals are not required to show a passport or national ID card, but
    it is still recommended that you travel with your passport or ID card to prove your identity if necessary though.
    To the citizens of other nationalities it is in demand passport and for some nationalities also visa.


    Calling Code: 0033


    Electricity Supply is 220-230V-50 Hz


    Euro is the official currency of France.