Galapagos Islands holidays guide, what to visit in the archipelago
Galapagos trip, to visit and get to know the beautiful islands of Ecuador in their main features, where they are, how to get there, where to stay, tours to do, how to get there, climate, best times to go and where to sleep.
The Galapagos Islands are a group of islands of South America located in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of the Republic of Ecuador to which they belong politically. The archipelago is located at a distance of about 1000 km from the mainland, and consists of 13 main islands and forty islets.
The Galapagos can be reached by air from Quito or Guayaquil.Sull’isola San Cristóbal is the capital of the Galapagos, Puerto Baquerizo Moreno, which houses in its vicinity one of two airports in the archipelago. The main airport is located on the island of Baltra, where there is no possibility of accommodation, but with a boat you can reach the nearby island of Santa Cruz, only 100 meters from the sea, where the town of Puerto Ayora offers greater range of accommodation archipelago.
Other major population centers are located in Puerto Baquerizo Moreno, San Cristobal Island, Puerto Villamil, Isabela Island. The Galapagos Islands are a protected national park UNESCO. Numerous endemic species of plants and animals characterize the natural heritage of these islands, which are located at a considerable distance from the mainland, have a wide variety of climates and habitats caused by the confluence of three ocean currents, and a particular geological nature as stand on a plinth submarine volcanic with numerous craters, the islands oldest dating back about 4 million years ago, while the newer ones are still in the making.
The famous naturalist Charles Robert Darwin, in 1835 lived to the Galapagos and observing this environment had the inspiration for the formulation of the theory of evolution, affirmed in his work entitled The Origin of Species. To visit the Galapagos you can book a hotel and make day trips by boat, or by a cruise of several days eating and sleeping in the boat.
As for the excursions are made only with the accompaniment of licensed guides of the National Park. The Galapagos Islands have a temperate climate and can be visited throughout the year. From January to June is the hottest season and humid, the rains occur with short and sudden downpours.
From July to December, the season is cooler and dry, the sea water has a lower temperature, there is often a mist due to the cold current dell’Humbolt. To visit the various islands of the Galapagos must spend time in the sea, so it is best to choose a time when the sea is rough. The best month to visit the Galapagos is in April, when the water temperature, climate and nature are in prime condition.