Genoa: what to see, visit Liguria capital in a day

What to see in Genoa, walking tour of places to visit in the Old Town, the Palace St. George Cathedral San Lorenzo walking path.

Guide Genoa

Capital of Liguria and important Italian port, Genoa is located close to the slopes of the Apennines, on the Ligurian Sea. The city’s origins are not dated with certainty, but some artifacts unearthed show that the first human settlements date back to an organized period ranging from the ninth to the sixth century BC, although spontaneous agglomerations territory probably already existed in previous eras considering the geographical location where the city is located, within the inlet in the most sheltered of the Gulf.

Genoa, already in pre-Roman times was the center of important commercial traffic, was an ally of Rome and the Romans called “maritime port of the Po Valley”, with a significant role in the wars against other peoples Ligurian Roman enemies and in the war against the Carthaginians . After the fall of the Roman Empire, Genoa was destroyed several times, suffered the dominations, Byzantine, Ostrogothic, Lombard, Carolingian and was subjected to Saracen invasions.

Between the eleventh century and the fifteenth century, great importance was the participation of the Genoese ships in the First Crusade and Genoa grew significantly from the political and mercantile, becoming one of the most powerful maritime republics of the Mediterranean. The Most Serene Republic of Genoa, called the Proud, Lady of the Sea and the lady of the various properties on the mainland, was that until 1815, when it was annexed to the Kingdom of Sardinia, except for the short period, less than one year, where he was independent as Ligurian Republic.

Itinerary of places to visit in Genoa in one day

The history of Genoa is reflected in the various urban realities, of different ages and tastes, that characterize this city with a glorious past. There are large and elegant buildings that overlook straight streets and narrow alleys called alleyways that wind in the historic center.

Date back to the medieval period the Palazzo San Giorgio, the ancient seat of the famous Tour St. George, the Cathedral of San Lorenzo, consecrated in 1118 and the main monument of the medieval city, the church of St. Matthew, in Romanesque-Gothic style overlooking the square and surrounded from the houses of Doria, offers a glimpse of the lovely old town.

The Palazzo Ducale, the first group of medieval origin was incorporated in subsequent construction that began from the end of the sixteenth century. From the towers of Gates, one of the gates of the city, there is a walkway viable, called the Walls of Barbarossa, built by the Genoese population in 1155 to defend against the invasion of Emperor Frederick I of Swabia, called Barbarossa.

Continuing in the historic center of Genoa, a set of large and prestigious residential buildings dating from the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century, Renaissance and Baroque, situated along the ancient Strade Nuove, the current Via Garibaldi, Via Cairoli and Via Balbi. These excellent mansions belonging to the nobility, were recorded in the Rolli, ie lists where the buildings were cataloged and used to house people on a state visit. In the provisions of the Rolli, depending on the prestige of the dwelling was stated the characters to which was destined, if Pope, Cardinal, Emperor King or Prince.

In later times these homes have also hosted illustrious travelers who have left us testimony through their stories. Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli were included in the UNESCO World Heritage Humanity. Strolling along the promenade, the Corso Italy, you get to Boccadasse, the ancient fishing village dominated by the Church of St. Anthony of Boccadasse. The village takes its name from the shape of the inlet where it stands, it looks like a view from the mouth of ASE, the mouth of a donkey in Genoa. On the promontory of San Benigno is the lantern, the lighthouse of the port of Genoa, symbol of the city. Do not forget the famous aquarium.