Georgia: travel guide

georgia map
georgia map

Things to know to go Georgia, useful information about geography and territory, climate, best times to go, and how to get required documents.


  • Capital: Tbilisi
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 69.500
  • Population: 4,260,333
  • Christian Orthodox, Muslim minority and other Christian faiths.

Where is Georgia

Georgia is a state in Transcaucasia, north borders the Russian Federation, on the west by the Black Sea, on the south by Turkey, Armenia and Azerbaijan, on the east by Azerbaijan. Its territory is between two mountain ranges, the Greater Caucasus to the north with peaks over 5000 meters above sea level, and to the south the Lesser Caucasus whose peaks do not exceed 3500 meters above sea level. The area that extends between the two chains corresponds to a system of hills and plains where there are river valleys of the Kura, which flows east and flows into the Caspian Sea, and the Rioni flowing in the opposite direction and goes to flow in Black Sea after crossing the fertile coastal plain of Colchis, crossed by numerous rivers.


The hydrography of Georgian territory has two sides, the western Black Sea, and the eastern Caspian Sea. At the side of the Black Sea belong to the Inguri and Rioni, to the side of the Caspian Sea belongs to the Kura. The Rioni and Inguri arise from melting glaciers and Caucasians along with numerous smaller rivers form the plain of Colchis overlooking the Black Sea. The Kura originates in Turkish territory passes the Georgian border after initially directed towards the Black Sea, through the capital Tbilisi and flows into the Caspian Sea.


The climate in the coastal area of ​​Georgia and western subcostiera is mild and rainy, especially in the valleys of the Rioni and dell’Inguri, moving eastward gradually become continental and drier than the western part of the country.


The population of Georgia belongs to nationalities and different cultural identities.

Time zone

UTC/GMT +4 hours


Georgian is the official language of Georgia.


Georgia with the fall of the Soviet Union regained its independence and initiated a plan of economic reforms geared towards a free market economy, but have not yet reached the levels desired by the government. The country has had to deal with the crisis of all the productive sectors, the breakdown of financial ties and good neighborly relations with Russia, the separatist conflicts in Abkhazia and South Ossetia. The result is that many are not yet available goods and services taken for granted in European countries, and also the tourist infrastructure are lacking.

When to go to Georgia

Most of the country can be visited, excluding areas South Ossetia, Abkhazia, the Pankisi Gorge, the Svaneti and the areas of the border with Chechnya. To visit Georgia are preferred the months between April and October.

Travel Documents

To enter Georgia is required a passport valid for at least six months from the date of entry in the country and a return ticket. Visa is required, except EU citizen for stays of less of three months.


Calling Code: 00995


Supply electricity is 220 V 50Hz.


The Lari is the official currency of Georgia.