Germany holidays guide and useful travel and tourism

Travel Guide Germany, useful information for travel and holidays, tourism in this state of Europe with capital Berlin.

Germany in brief

  • Capital: Berlin
  • Surface area in sq km: 356 957
  • Population: 82.44 million (first half 2001)
  • Religion: Protestant (42.4%), Catholic (35.4%), Muslim (2.2%) as well as Orthodox and Jews.

Where is Germany

Germany is bordered to the north by Denmark, to the east by Poland and the Czech Republic, southeast and south by Austria, southwest with Switzerland, on the west by France, Luxembourg and Belgium, north west with the Netherlands, is washed to the north by the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. To the south the northern side of the Alps (Bavarian Alps) degrades nell’altopiano Swabian-Bavarian flowing tributaries of the Danube right. The central part of the country consists of a mountainous region (Mittelgebirge) medium altitude. To the north the landscape of Germany is characterized by lowlands. The coasts are low and dunose faced by festoons of islands and engraved by estuaries. In the western regions, which have a rainy climate, have grown hardwoods (eg. The beech), in the central and southern regions are predominantly coniferous (spruce, pine). On the border with Poland are grasslands, on the coast instead predominate in ericaceous heaths, woods cover the outstanding shares of the heights.


Germany is rich in rivers of which a good part navigable; joined by channels form a valid network connection. The main rivers are: the Rhine that is born in the Alps; the Danube, which receives the waters of the basin between the Black Forest, the Alps and the Jura Swabian-Franconian; Elba that originates in the Giant Mountains, its estuary is home to Hamburg, the German port more important; the Weser that at the end of its course bathes the city of Bremen; the Main that runs through the city of Frankfurt. The largest lake in Germany is the Lake Constance (Bodensee) on the border with Austria and Switzerland.

Climate Germany

The climate of Germany we can define Atlantic-type because it is open to influences oceanic surveys since there is very high, and with rains quite regularly throughout the year with no extremes of temperature. To highlight, however, that in the interior and eastern Germany the climate is continental with greater temperature range and lower rainfall.


The western regions of Germany are the most densely populated. Among the most populated eastern regions is the Saxony. Many immigrants living in Germany in particular Turks and later Slavs, Italians, Greeks, Poles. There are also national minorities including the service trees which are West Slavs and live in the region of Lusatia situated in the states of Saxony-Brandenburg, the Frisians who speak a language very similar to English, the Danes who live on the border with Denmark. In rural areas in northern Germany is spoken Low Saxon.

Time zone Germany

The hour of Germany is equal to Italy throughout the year.

Spoken language

The official language spoken in Germany is German.

Economy Germany

Germany has a strong economy, more of the services sector, and it is very important to the industry, especially the automotive and mechanical, electrical engineering, chemical, steel, over Alie environmental technologies and nanotechnology. The agriculture while having a marginal role has an interesting production in the field of animal husbandry and colitvazione potatoes and grains.

When you go to Germany

To visit Germany is suitable all year round, whereas in summer the temperatures decrease going north instead in winter, moving towards the southeast, the climate is less rainy and colder temperatures than the western and northern part of the country.

Documents required travel Germany

Italian citizens to enter Germany need a valid identity card or passport for foreign travel. The country is part of the European Union and adheres to the Schengen Agreement.

Germany Phone

– Phone Prefixes to call Germany is 0049 followed by the area code without the leading 0 and the required number.

Electricity Germany

The electrical energy in Germany is 220 volts.

Money and credit cards Germany

The official currency in Germany is Euro.