Great Britain travel guide, things to know before we left to go in this state of the UK throughout the year.
Britain in brief
- Capital: London
- Surface area in sq km: 244 110
- Population: 59,231,900 (first half 2001)
- Religion: mainly Protestant (Anglican in England and Presbyterian in Scotland) – 10% cattolica- Jewish and Muslim minorities.
Where is Britain
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland includes the main island of the Archipelago British, Britain, which includes England, Wales and Scotland, Northern Ireland and about 5,000 smaller islands. flag britain The Northern Ireland borders with the Republic of Ireland, while the remaining are all maritime boundaries: north, northwest, southwest, the Atlantic Ocean, the Irish Sea to the west, southwest the Bristol Channel, to South Channel, the North Sea to the east. Britain is characterized by a very articulate coast, with deep bays that can have character estuarine fjord or may form peninsulas such as Cornwall and Wales separated from the Bristol Channel. The south eastern and central England is mostly flat, while Scotland, Wales and northern England and the south west is characterized by reliefs.
The main rivers are: the Thames, Severn, Humber, Tyne. The British rivers are rich in water with regular flow and generally of short course. In Scotland there is the river Clyde, (the major river of Scotland) as well as numerous lakes often collected and deep.
The climate is oceanic, cool temperate. The rains fall in any season, especially in the western part of the country.
Britain has been inhabited since ancient times by the Celts then was colonized by the Romans and later by the Angles, Saxons and Normans. The population density is high and distributed unevenly being concentrated mainly in England and in some cities in Wales and Scotland. In 1800 with the Industrial Revolution there was a growth of the population and also in recent years thanks to the contribution of immigrants, there has been a recovery in the birth rate, which had declined in previous years.
The official language is English. They survive in the highlands of Scotland, Wales and Ireland ancient Celtic spoken.
In Britain than in Italy, during the entire period of the year, you have to move the clock back one hour.
The Industrial Revolution (secc.XVIII-XIX) occurred much earlier than the rest of the Western world, has secured long to Britain a privileged economic position compared to that of other countries; with the abandonment of the colonial domains and the growth of new industrial powers its role has gradually downsized. A major restructuring took place after the Second World War based on a program of nationalization and social guarantees, and later in the 80’s with the turning liberal and the realization of large privatization plans have made the British economy one of the largest in Europe. The services sector, particularly banking and insurance is very developed, while declining industrial production. Agricultural production even if it occupies a small part of the population provides about half of the food needs of the country. In the energy sector are important coal production and oil deposits that were discovered in 1975 in the North Sea.
When you go to Britain
The best time to visit Britain is from April to October. In these months is easier to find good weather.
Documents required travel Britain
Italian citizens to enter Britain need a valid identity card or passport for foreign travel.
When calling from the UK is the number to dial 00 44 followed by the area code without 0 and the required number.
The electric current is 220 / volt.
Money and credit cards Britain
The official currency of Britain and the British pound. Credit cards are accepted and you can make ATM withdrawals.