Greece travel guide, vacation and tourism information
Of interest to go to Greece, driving trips and vacations in wet condition by three seas with capital Athens, climate and necessary documents.
Greece in brief
- Capital: Athens
- Surface area in square kilometers: 131,957
- Population: 10,645,343
- Religion: Greek-Orthodox and Catholic with Muslim minorities.
Where is Greece
The state of Greece includes the southern part of the Balkan Peninsula, the archipelagos of the Ionian and Aegean Sea and the island of Crete. It is bordered to the north by the Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) and Bulgaria, northwest with Albania and north east with Turkey, and is bathed by the Ionian seas, the Mediterranean and Aegean. The territory of Greece is mostly mountainous and its coasts are jagged and rocky. The Ionian coast is characterized by gulfs of Arta and Patras, to the south of the Peloponnese peninsular lugs enclose the gulfs of Messinia, Laconia and Nafplion. You have articulated and with deep inlets also the coasts of the Aegean Sea. By the massif of Pindo branch eastward two buttresses, bordering the basin plain of Thessaly: the northern culminates in Mount Olympus (the highest peak in Greece mt.2.917) and the southern stretches south in Monte Eta. The Pindo continues in the south with the mountains of the Peloponnese.
Greece has a total of 13 regions and 52 provinces. The regions are Attica, South Aegean, North Aegean, Crete, Epirus, Ionian Islands, Central Macedonia, Western Macedonia, Eastern Macedonia, Central Greece, Western Greece, Thrace, Thessaly and the Peloponnese. Cities and towns of note are Athens, which is the capital, Thessaloniki, Lárissa, Patras, an important port in the Peloponnese, Iráklion, commercial port of Crete, Rhodes, also harbor town, Volos, Piraeus, the largest natural harbor in the country. Among the important historical centers are worthy of a visit Knossos, Epidaurus, Delphi, Olympia, Mycenae and Sparta.
The rivers of eastern Greece are characterized by a torrential regime, while those on the west side have a regime more consistent and higher flow rates. The longest river is the Aliakmon, which flows into the Gulf of Thessaloniki. Other important rivers are: Acheloos, (second longest river), Arachthos, Alfeios, Evrotas, Nestos, Maritsa, Peneios. The most important lakes are: Trichonida, Volvi, Vegoritis, Prespa (divided between Albania, Greece, Macedonia).
The climate of Greece is Mediterranean with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers. In winter the temperature decreases gradually moving north, especially in inland areas and the northern mountainous. In the summer heat on the islands is less intense compared to the mainland, especially the inland areas of Greece and large cities such as Athens. In summer, the Aegean and the Bosphorus blows very often a wind called etesien (meltem) that characterizes the islands of the Aegean Sea.
Population of Greece
The population of Greece is composed mainly of Greek and Turkish minorities, Bulgarian, Armenian, Macedonian and Albanian especially, (many arrived after the fall of communism in Albania). Athens and Thessaloniki focuses almost half of the population, the remainder is located in rural and smaller urban areas.
Language spoken in Greece
The official language is modern greek.
Greece has a good agricultural tradition even if the territory is not very favorable, being mostly mountainous. Important to the cultivation of olives, grapes, citrus, wheat, corn, rice, barley, oats, sugar beet and also cotton and tobacco. The main sector on which the Greek economy is the service sector. Trade, banking, transport and especially tourism are the most important activities in Greece. In the industrial sector are the food industry, chemicals, plastics, technology and telecommunications. Since 1981, Greece is part of the European Union.
When you go to Greece
The best times to visit Greece are spring and autumn, when the weather is good and decreases the influx of tourists, which is present in the summer months. During the winter (late November, early April), most of the hotels closed, although in the future there seems to be the intention of keeping open all year.
Italian citizens to enter Greece must be a valid identity card or passport for foreign travel. The country is part of the European Union and adheres to the Schengen Agreement.
To call Greece the number phone prefix is 0030.
The electric current in Greece is 220 volts.
Money and credit cards
The official currency of Greece is the Euro. Credit cards are accepted and ATMs are present, except for some smaller center.