Greenland: what to see in the island of ice, fjords, Nuuk

icy landscape greenland
icy landscape greenland

Travel in Greenland, the largest island in the world holidays, where white and icy expanses alternate with rocky headlands with fjords, visit the capital Nuuk.

Greenland Travel Guide

Greenland island, largely covered by ice, belongs politically to Denmark since 1953, from the geographical point of view is rather an island of the American continent situated between Canada and Iceland, in the extreme northern Atlantic Ocean. The Greenlandic economy is based largely on fishing, resulting in the export of large amounts of fish, especially shrimp.

Were recently discovered some deposits of minerals and hydrocarbons that are expected in the future will give new impetus to the local economy. Tourism is an activity in development, but is hampered by the short duration of the summer season. The predominant role of the public sector, with many state-owned enterprises and half of the tax revenue from government concession taxes.

What to see in Greenland

The island is mostly covered by an enormous ice cap, remaining imposing icecap that covered much of the northern hemisphere at the end of the last ice age. The landscape consists of white expanses and ice on the coast the rocky promontories alternate with deep inlets, forming spectacular fjords.

The Greenland ice sheet is formed with the first continental glaciation occurred in the late Pliocene, the time period between 5.2 million years ago, corresponding to the end of the Miocene, and 1.8 million years ago, coinciding with the beginning of the Pleistocene, this allowed the plants of the time to be better preserved than for example to those who have suffered the slow formation of the Antarctic ice sheet.

On the cliff above the entrance of one of these beautiful fjords is the capital, Nuuk, Greenland Danish first settlement dating back to 1721, an important fishing port and thriving cultural center. This country, characterized by a polar-type climate, milder in the south, on the west coast and south-west of the island, according to the season and the area, offers visitors scenery and natural phenomena of straordiaria beauty.